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Woman's Work for Woman. 



A UNION ILLUSTRATED MAGAZINE 
PUBLISHED MONTHLY 

BY THE 

WOMAN'S FOREIGN MISSIONARY SOCIETIES 
OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH. 

OF PR/^s, 

| SEP 1? 1986 

VOLUME VII. 



MISSION 



HOUSE, 53 FIFTH 
NEW YORK. 



AVENUE, 



INDEX TO VOLUME VII. 
1 892. 



' Africa : 

What a New Missionary Sees and Foresees . 14 
Fifty Years Ago in the Gaboon Mission . .151 

" Spero Meliora " 152 

Modern Times in Gaboon 153 

From Liverpool to the Gaboon River . . .157 
Report from Foulahbifung for 1S91 . . 159 
A Fang Wedding, Dowry and All .... 160 
Death of a Young Christian on the Ogowe . 217 
Letters from . 17, 49, 107, 164, 195, 253, 281 
Annual Meeting Reports, 139, 140, 168, 170, 171 

Annual Retorts, Points on 79 

Another Year 3 

Audited Accounts, Some 21 

Auxiliaries, To the 24, 54, 

81, in, 142, 173, 201, 231, 258, 289, 316, 343 
Auxiliaries and Bands, New . . 28, 57, 

84, 114, 144, 174, 203, 233, 261, 291, 319, 346 

Battle Call, The — Verse 315 

Because I May not Live to Work Long . 315 

Bereaved, For the 62 

Book Notices, 30, 52, no, 142, 172, 258, 342 

Called Aside — Poem 23 

Change of Standpoint, A 50 

Chemical Rays 341 

China : 

Incident of a Tour in Ichowfu District . . 3 
Anti-Foreign Hand-bill from China 33 
A Country Day School in China .... 34 
A Hospital Chapter from Sar,; Kong ... 35 
Characteristic Features of Macao .... 37 
A Specimen of Christian Family Life in China 38 

Fresh Glimpses of Nanking 39 

Patiently Waiting 41 

The Lord's Work on the Island of Hainan, 42 

Only a Few Incidents 44 

Visit to an Out-Station 45 

Five Days with the Doctor, Oct. 20-24, 1891 64 
The Stake for which we are Working at Wei 

Hien 133 

A Regnant Superstition 184 

Chinese Idolatry 189 

A Patient in the Viceroy's House, Canton . 190 

Buried Seed 192 

Letters from 19, 46, 75, 

107, 136, 166, 196, 224, 225, 252, 283, 310, 337 

Chinese in America : 

The Chinese Must Go 183 

Where Are the Chinese Sunday-Schools ? . . 184 

Seed Springing Up 185 

Passage in History of Chinese Women's Home 1S8 
Highbinders or Christians, Which ? . . . 220 

Cry as of Pain, A — Hymn with Music . . 78 

Do You Read ? What? 257 

Editorial Notes (in part) : 

Cholera . . 33, 180, 235, 263, 264, 293, 322 
Converts . . 87, 117, 118, 150, 180, 264, 321 
Deaths. ... 33, 59, 87, 179, 207, 263, 321 



Incidents . . 6o, 88, 118, 150, 236, 264, 294 



Journeys 149, 179, 264, 293, 321 

Medical 2, 88, 118, 235, 294 



Missionaries Wanted . . . . 117, 150, 236 

New Buildings .... 59, 87, 150, 180, 293 

Persecution 2, 180, 236, 321 

Schools . . 59, 60, 118, 180, 236, 293, 322 

Smallpox 2, 60, 88 

Translation 87, 150, 294 

Various Societies, 34, 60, 88, 118, 236, 294, 322 

Guatemala, Ignorance and Shows ... 67 

Letter from 335 

How She Formed a Society 288 

Illustrations : 



The Mission House, N. Y. 3; A frica. Trading 
House Afloat at Bonny, 153 ; Going to Mar- 
ket, 155 ; Grand Canary, 156 ; Map, 157 ; 
Village on Gold Coast, 158 ; China, Macao 
Shrine, 36 ; Vista, 37 ; Christian Family, 38 ; 
Nanking Sketches, 40 ; Hainanese Lady 
Traveling, 43 : Paper Offerings for the Dead, 
185 ; Hainan Temple, 190 : India, Temple 
of Badrinath, 9 ; High Priest of Badrinath, 
11 ; Allahabad Hospital, 89 ; Bhishti, 91 ; 
Ferozepore Beggars, 96 ; Class, Rawal Pindi, 
99; Himalayan Path, 101 ; Mrs. E. J. Scott, 
305 ; Indians, Map ; Distribution in U. S., 
182 ; Japan, Map, 241 ; Priest, 244 ; Ap- 
proach to Haruna Temple, 245 ; Bridge near 
Haruna, 246 ; Kanazawa Castle, 248 ; Jews, 
Procession, 16 ; Korea, Auntie, 209 ; Dia- 
gram of Seoul, 210 ; Map, 211 ; Wall and 
Gate of Seoul, 213 ; Class of Korean Women, 
216; Street Costume, 218 ; Laos, Boat, 124 ; 
Fresco in Shan Monastery, 127 ; Mexico. 
Church in Mexico City, 61 ; Former Chapel 
now Kitchen, 62 ; Map, 63 ; Juan Diego 
Opening His Manta, 66 ; Huts seen from 
Railway, 70, 71 ; Persia, Armenian Family, 
13 ; Salmas Courtyard, 26S ; Bread-Making, 
271 ; Tabriz Schoolboys, 275 ; Tabriz School- 
house, 276 ; Hasso, 277 ; Map, 279 ; Siam, 
Members of Mission, 123 ; Bamboo School- 
house, 130; Ruins at Ayuthia, 132; South 
America, Map, 296 ; Holiday in Chile, 29S ; 
Colombian Village, 302 ; Woman, 302 ; Man 
Mounted, 303 ; Syria, Girls' School, Tripoli, 
187 ; Druze Woman, 326 ; Minyara, 327 ; 
Hamath Diligence, 328 ; Map, 329 ; Bedouin 
Camp, 331 ; Hamath Buildings, 332 ; Thibet, 



Long Horns, 192. 

Inasmuch — Verse 193 

India : 

A Visit to Badrinath Temple 8 

A Mute Appeal 89 

Caste, Illustrated from Experience .... 90 

Page from Dr. J. Carleton's Note-book . . 93 

Woodstock 94 

A Few from Among Thousands .... 96 

The Evangelist In and About Etawah . . 97 

Glimpses of a Happy Year at Rawal Pindi . 98 

Incidents from Sangli 102 

A Dozen Neglected Villages 103 

Dr. Pentecost in India 13 1 

Letters from 18, 76, 104, 106, 



135, 166, 194, 221, 222, 251, 282, 311, 337 



INDEX TO VOW 



" /7 VII. — Continued. 



Indians, North American : 

The Xez Perce Missionaries to the Shoshones, J . 

A Page on Indian Affairs 1S1 

Liberal Souls in the Women's Society . . . 183 

Letter from 76 

Instructions to Young Missionaries . . 341 

Is He Worth It? 108 

Is He Worth It ? 227 

Israel be Evangelized, Shall? .... 15 
Japan : 

A Woman's Meeting in Kyoto 7 

Shikata Ga Nai — Verse 53 

Christmas at Takata 68 

A Requisite in Japan — Adaptability . . . 237 

Japan Not Yet a Christian Empire . . 238 

A Church Home and Three of its Members . 239 

Within Our Japan Missions 240 

Map of Japan 241 

A Path for Woman's Work 242 

A Reminiscence of Haruna. Japan .... 243 

Converted in Hospital at Tokyo .... 246 

A Japanese Tercentenary 247 

Yamaguchi School Girls 250 

How the Leaven Got into Sado 278 

Letters from 47, 106, 137, 196, 310 

Korea : 

Missionary Beginnings in Fusan .... 69 

Around in Seoul 209 

The Map 210 

A Trip to Annual Meeting from Fusan . . 212 

Incidents in Work Among the Women . . 214 

The Women Who Labor with Me .... 215 

As I See Korean Women 218 

Slaves in Korea 219 

Letter from ■< . .221 

Laos : 

Famine and Gospel Work in Lakawn . . .119 
Advantages of Lapoon as a Station . . .121 
To Laos Land, through the Eyes of a Young 

Missionary 123 

On the Maa Wung River, Below Lakawn . 126 
Among the Villages North of Lakawn . .130 

Famine in Lakawn Province 304 

Letters from 20, 134, 253, 338 

Lift the Anchor 285 

Mexico : 

Grand Reunion of Sabbath-schools ... 61 

Facts in a Nutshell 62 

Theological Seminary, Tlalpam 64 

Vitality of an Old Legend 66 

Passing Glances of a Traveler 70 

Promising Graduates of Mexico City School . 161 

Letters from 73, 225, 311 

Missionary Interest in Christian En- 
deavor Society 230 

Monthly Meeting 21, 51, 

77, 138, 168, 198, 226, 254, 284, 312, 339 

Monthly Meeting Programme Explained, 226 

Moravian Missions — A Glimpse .... 191 

More Blessed — Verse 257 

Mrs. Tibbins's Guest 255 

Mrs. Wilbor's Mistake 286 

My One Possession — Verse 90 

Notice 172 

Old Question Answered by New Ques- 
tions 53 

Open Letter, An 141 

Our Society — and Yours? 312 

Over Against the Treasury 314 

Persia : 

A Wedding Feast 12 

Happy Travelers and Joyful Return ... 67 

Extracts from Mrs. Bishop's " Journeys " . 128 



<Iotes from a Beleaguered City 265 

A Bold Confessor Under Fire 266 

Report of the Girls' School, Salmas . . . 268 
One Itinerary from New York .... 269 

Oroomiah Visited 270 

Perils of the Mountain Field 273 

Oroomiah Plain 274 

Memorial Training School for Boys, Tabriz . 275 
Up to Date in Oroomiah Station .... 276 

Hasso the Kurd 277 

Brief Facts, with Map 279 

Letters from 20, 

48, 74. 137, 165, 195, 222, 253, 280, 336, 336 

Personal Experience, A 138 

Plea, A — Verse 231 

Pioneer Heard From, Another .... 109 
Public School Teacher at Home and 

Abroad, The 120 

Reasons Why 227 

Sermon at Grace Church, From a . . .141 

Scott, Mrs. E. J 304 

She Runneth 77 

Short Logical Chain, A 229 

Siam : 

The Missionary Circle 121 

A Handful of Petchaburee Girls .... 125 
Day Schools for Heathen Children . . . .130 

Gods Under Repair 132 

Letters from . . . 134, 195, 223, 252, 311, 338 

Since Last Month 24, 

54, 80, in, 142, 172, 200, 231, 289, 316, 342 

South America : 

Independence Day in Valparaiso . . . . 12 

Notes from Brazil 65 

A Flying Visit to Bogota 193 

Evangelistic Work in Brazil 295 

What Authority Has the Bible in Spanish 

America ? 295 

A Funeral in Chile 297 

Chilian Amusements 298 

All About Botucatu 299 

Colombian Sketches 302 

Compliments of the Press, in Spanish and 

Portuguese 302 

Festival of the Holy Spirit in Castro, Brazil, 303 
A Snow-storm in Brazil, and a Garden . . 303 
Letters from Brazil, 73, 197, 30S, Chile, 137, 194, 
309, Colombia, 310. 

Suggestion Corner . 23, 54, 80, 110, 200, 2S8 

Suggestion for the New Working Year, 229 

Syria : 

Sun Gleams on a Dark Day 72 

A Syrian Sunday in February 162 

School Commencement and Presbytery at 

Tripoli 186 

All Aboard for North Syria. 1 305 

A December Voyage of Discovery .... 323 

Even the Druze Woman 325 

Features at Tripoli and Minyara .... 326 

All Aboard for North Syria.' II 328 

Salutation from one of the Senior Missionaries, 332 

Zahil, Aged Eighteen Months 333 

A Little Corner of the Earth 334 

Letters from 19, 75, 335 

Thibet, On the Borders of 100 

Treasurers' Reports 28, 57, 

84, 115, 145, 175, 203, 233, 261, 292, 319, 346 
What Can We Do to Increase Interest 

in Meetings? 24 

What Shall We Do to Make Interest 

General ? no 

Woman's Day at Portland, Ore. . . .198 
Woman's Meeting at Toronto, Canada . 340 



WOMAN'S WORK FOR WOMAN. 



Vol. VII. DECEMBER, 1892. No. 12. 



Much precious freight of life has gone 
forth from the Mission House across the 
Atlantic during the last weeks of ocean 
storms. All companies departing pre- 
vious to November 9 have been reported 
safe on the other side. 

By an accident to their steamer, Sep- 
tember 3, Miss Nassau and Miss Babe 
were detained at Fernando Po and on 
the 16th were yet waiting for a chance to 
cover the last ninety miles to Batanga. 

Little Herbert Garvin, three years 
old, died suddenly of diphtheria, his 
father being absent from home (Val- 
paraiso) at the time. 

Up to our latest dates, September 30, 
Mirza Ibrahim was still confined amid the 
horrors of the inner prison at Tabriz. 
To the Christian brother who visited him 
he said "This is like living in hell," and 
that he "feared for himself," meaning, 
not for his life but for the temptations 
which beset his soul. The word of the 
Shah is necessary to release this brave 
confessor, and kings' hearts are in the 
hand of our prayer-answering God. 

Our brother Woodward Finley has 
been seeing rough service in the Prov- 
ince of Sergipe, North Brazil, where he 
has been since April, without a mission- 
ary companion and much shut up to the 
Portuguese tongue. At Larangeiras, an 
official sent 200 men to break up Mr. 
Finley's preaching service, twice led 500, 
and once, 1,000 in attacking his house, 
and on September 8, threatened another 
attack for the next day, in which Mr. 
Finley should either be killed or expelled 
from the country. Our missionary had 
frustrated former attempts and now ap- 
pealed to the Governor, who promptly 
furnished him with soldiers so that he 
fully maintained his ground. 

Amid all this trouble six or seven per- 
sons were wishing to confess their faith 
in Christ. " 1 like persecution for this 



reason " writes Mr. Finley, " that always, 
afterward, there is an awakening." 

Mr. Good wrote from Batanga, W. 
Africa, August 13, having returned after 
an absence of 23 days, from the first of 
his proposed exploring expeditions. He 
had reached a point in the Bule country, 
about 90 miles north of east from 
Batanga, whence he turned northwest 
to Bongolo and thence, by another route, 
back to the coast. He was in excellent 
health and although he believed " few 
travelers have been more lied to in the 
same length of time than I," he made 
light of inconveniences in comparison 
with the satisfactory results of his trip. 
He expected to soon start on a second 
expedition and be absent two months or 
so. He proposed to strike the Campo 
River 50 or 60 miles southeast of Batanga. 
He would then follow the river, if passa- 
ble, into the country of the Fan people, 
of whom he met but few among the Bule 
in his former trip. A very unfavorable 
fact was the rains which had set in, so 
that our traveler was liable to live in wet 
clothing for days together, but the only 
alternative was to defer the trip for a 
year. Except for the strange delay in 
receiving the letter of instructions from 
New York, this trip would have been 
completed before the rainy season. 

Our brother Robert Irwin after three 
weeks spent in distributing rice, both for 
food and for planting, amid the dreary 
famine scenes in Muang Suom, was tem- 
porarily driven back to Lakawn, by fever, 
in August. The seed rice was carried on 
the shoulders of a company of thirty-six, 
many of them mere girls, a five days' 
journey from near Lampoon, over mount- 
ains and through mud often knee-deep. 
Another company of eighty carried the 
eating rice from a point on the Maa Wang 
south, nearly a day's journey. "The 
suffering on these journeys" says Mr. 
Irwin, "was something awful." 



322 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



[December, 



The improved sanitation of Syria due, 
perhaps wholly, to missions, accounts, as 
Mr. George Ford says, for the "happjr 
difference " between the cholera visitation 
of this year and heavier visitations of 
former seasons. Last year, the disease 
was carried by pilgrims from Mecca to 
Damascus and Tripoli, and was trans- 
ported to the poor Bedawi in their goat 
hair tents on the upper Jordan, by means 
of second-hand clothing sold to them from 
Damascus. A cordon arrested the epi- 
demic at that point. This summer, it was 
carried into Acca, by pilgrims from Persia, 
who went to honor the memory of the 
lately deceased leader of the Babite sect, 
and to subscribe to the accession of his 
son. 

Early in July, a sudden and stern cor- 
don cutting Sidon off from both Beirut 
and the Lebanon district, surprised the 
schools in the midst of their annual ex- 
aminations. Over a hundred pupils and 
teachers must pass the line of military 
tents or be shut up in Sidon during a 
three months' vacation. Within an hour 
and a half after the first warning was 
received, one school was cleared, and the 
whole column with bedding, baggage and 
provisions, employing every available 
beast of burden in the city, crossed at the 
nearest point into the Lebanon before 
the guns were turned upon travelers. In 
that retreat, the examinations were con- 
ducted to their close and, thence, the 
pupils were dispersed to their homes. 

Quarantine against vessels from New 
York was declared at Barranquilla, the 
port of Colombia, the last week in Sep- 
tember. At that time, a few prominent 
citizens of the place were trying to get 
up a Columbian celebration for October 12. 
A gentleman had written a hymn Ticra ! 
(" Land ") to be sung in the evening from 
a balcony on the public square, and our 
mission schools were preparing under 
Mrs. Candor's training to sing it, other 
invited schools (Roman Catholic) hav- 
ing declined to join them. We hope 
the children sung their best and waked 
the echoes of 400 years across that 
plaza. 

Colombia is a little nearer the United 
States than Brazil. A gentleman from S. 
Paulo tells us that while some wealthy 
Brazilians will go to the Exposition in 
Chicago, the mass of people in Brazil have 
never heard there was a Columbus. 



A Day of Glad Tidings for Every Creat- 
ure is the title of a new Christmas Exer- 
cise which has been prepared with skill 
and care for the use of Sunday-schools 
and Young People's Societies. Had for 
the asking, from William Dulles, Jr., 53 
Fifth Avenue. 

Wellesley C. Bailey has been among 
us for a few days, telling about that com- 
passionate work for lepers to which he 
has devoted twenty-three years of his life. 
He read us the dying message which 
"dear John Newton" sent him, urging 
that the lepers be looked after at our 
India stations. The Mission, of which 
Mr. Bailey is secretary and superintendent, 
has thirty-three centres of work in India, 
Burma and China, and proposes to enter 
Japan. There were seventy-nine baptisms 
in 1891. The Mission depends upon 
voluntary contributions and is in need of 
help. Address, 17 Glengyle Terrace, 
Edinburgh, Scotland. 

The November issue of Woman's Work 
suffered a serious detention for want of 
paper from the mills, a result of the chol- 
era scare, which cut off the usual supply 
of imported rags. Another unexpected 
delay occurred in the Post Office. This 
serves to show how, small and large, we 
are all bound together in the same bundle 
of activities. Although such a thing is 
not likely to ever occur again, ups and 
downs in the great world of business are 
a certainty, and, on that account, we have 
always thought those auxiliaries which 
make sure of using their magazines before 
their meetings by holding these in the 
second week of the month, do more wisely 
than those who meet in the first week. 
This explanation is given because it is 
due to our Readers and, equally, that we 
may thank them for their kind forbear- 
ance in the matter of this delay. 

A Missionary Calendar arranged for 
daily prayer and remembrance, made to 
hang, and after an entirely new and pretty 
design, is promised by our Chicago friends, 
for December 1. Only twenty-five cents, 
by mail. Order from any of the Woman's 
Boards. 

We were misinformed regarding a let- 
ter from Siam published last month. It 
was not written by Mrs. Eakin, but Miss 
Elizabeth Eakin, who teaches in her 
brother's school at Bangkok. 



1892.] 



OUR MISSIONARIES IN SYRIA 

AND POST OFFICE ADDRESSES. 

All letters should be addressed "American Mission." 



Beirut. 



Mrs. Gerald F. Dale, 
Mrs. W. W. Eddy, 
Miss Eliza D. Everett, 
Mrs. H. H. Jessup, 
Miss Ellen M. Law, 
Mrs. William Bird, Abeih via Beirut 



Miss Emily G. Bird, Abeih via Beirut. 
Miss Charlotte H. Brown, Sidon. 
Mrs. William K. Eddy, 
Miss Mary T. Maxwell Ford, 
Mrs. Ira Harris, Tripoli. 



Miss M. C. Holmes, 
Miss Harriet N. La Grange, 
Mrs. F. W. March, 
Mrs. W. S. Nelson, 



Mrs. F. E. Hoskins, 
Mrs. William Jessup. 

In this Country : Miss Alice Barber, address, Joliet, 111.: Miss Rebecca Brown, Manasquan, N. J. 



Tripoli. 



Zahleh. 



A DECEMBER VOYAGE OF DISCOVERY. 



This is the anniversary year of a mar- 
velous voyage of discovery. It was one 
of the supreme moments in the history of 
the world when Columbus sighted the 
Western Continent. Four centuries have 
passed and the New World has grown to 
be rich and powerful and is the arena of 
a civilization and culture which have not 
been surpassed in history. 

Is not this an auspicious moment and 
is not December — our Syria month — 
just the season for us Christian believers 
in other continents for Christ, to turn a 
wistful look eastward across the seas and 
set our sails for a voyage of discovery in 
search of those "kingdoms of our Lord" 
which faith tells us must be there, and of 
whose existence there are so many mani- 
fest signs upon that great chart of the 
promises by which the Church has sailed 
over all the wide and stormy seas of 
Time? Is it not written: "All nations 
shall serve Him"? Is not God to give 
Him "the heathen for His inheritance 
and the uttermost parts of the earth for 
His possession"? Are not "they that 
dwell in the wilderness to bow before 
Him and His enemies to lick the dust" ? 
Is not His name to be "great among the 
Gentiles"? Is not "the earth to be filled 
with the knowledge of the glory of the 
Lord as the waters cover the sea"? It 
may be that, like Columbus, we shall sight 
at first only some lone island of light as 
we peer into the darkness of superstition 
and ignorance, but just as the island 
which Columbus discovered was the 
prophecy of a vast continent lying be- 
yond, so our island of spiritual light shall 
be the herald of those immense outlying 
realms which we shall some day win for 
Christ. 

Let us weigh anchor, and set our sails 
for the winds of love and hope and 
strong confidence in God to waft us over 
the seas which separate us from those 
faith-discerned shores and which seem 
such an impassable barrier to so many 



who "don't believe" in the existence of 
other lands than ours for Christ. 

Come, dear friends, who have prayed 
for Syria during the past year, breathe 
upon the spreading canvas of our good 
ship of discovery ; and you who have 
given your gifts for Syria in the name of 
Christ and have watched for tidings of 
God's presence there ; and you, children, 
who have wistfully longed to send some 
blessing to the children of Syria ; give us 
such an on-rush of favoring gales, such a 
strong, steady breeze out of confident 
and believing hearts, that our ship shall 
be wafted swiftly onward until it touch 
the shores of that new spiritual continent 
which the missionary enterprise of the 
Christian Church has already discovered 
and is yet to explore and possess in the 
name of the Master. 

Land ho ! The gleaming peaks of 
Lebanon are creeping up out of the blue 
waters of the Mediterranean, the rugged 
heights of the "goodly mountain" are 
coming fully into view ; up and down 
the old Phoenician plain are the cities of 
the coast ; to the north are Beirut and 
Tripoli ; in the centre are Sidon and 
Tyre ; and away to the south is Jaffa, 
and inland is Jerusalem, city of sacred 
memories, hidden away among the hills 
of Judea. 

As ships sail up and down the Syrian 
coast, past the orange gardens of Sidon 
and Tripoli, the wind, if it blows from 
the shore, sometimes brings away out 
upon the sea the faint, sweet perfume of 
the orange blossoms, so that passengers 
upon the deck of a passing steamer have 
wondered at the delicious fragrance of 
the air. So, as we draw near this land of 
sacred memories, there seems to greet us, 
as we approach, a strangely sweet fra- 
grance of the hallowed life and divine 
character of the Christ whose native land 
and only earthly home is before us. 

As we step upon the shore, we realize 
what untold wealth of history is hidden 



324 



A DECEMBER VOYAGE OF DISCOVERY. [December. 



away in this Syrian land awaiting a dis- 
coverer. It is a realm of buried treas- 
ures ; glittering relics of the past lie scat- 
tered like jewels in the very soil. But 
however lovely the charms of history 
and however sacred the memories of our 
Lord's life upon earth, these things are 
not what we have come to search for. 

We are rather seeking signs of a new 
world for Christ, some outlines of a 
spiritual continent which shall come 
more fully into view as time goes on and 
be the scene of a Christian triumph 
which will some day fill the world with 
its glory. Syria is to us, upon this Voy- 
age of Discovery, like an island prophecy 
of a wondrous continent beyond, which 
faith can already clearly outline as we 
gaze into the spiritual possibilities of 
another century of mission progress. 

When Columbus touched the shores of 
his newly-discovered world, only the 
Book of Nature was opened before him, 
and in it he could find no tidings of the 
stupendous destiny which awaited the 
Western Continent ; but we, as we land 
upon our ideal continent, find another 
Book opened — a living Book, full of 
prophecy and promise of the glories of a 
coming kingdom which is not alone of 
this world. 

The first thing that greets our eager 
eyes as we land in Syria is the open 
Bible. It will be the power of God, and 
is the promise of a new life and a glori- 
ous future to Syria, just as it has been to 
other lands which have received it. As 
we continue our search we find places of 
Christian worship, where the Gospel is 
preached, where the love of Christ is pro- 
claimed, where hearts unite in public 
service of prayer and praise to Almighty 
God. And here are Sabbath-schools, 
where the young are taught and trained 
in Christian knowledge and we can hear 
the children sing the very Sabbath-school 
melodies that we have so often heard in 
the home land. As we pursue our search 
we find Christian literature scattered 
everywhere, and we can visit that fount- 
ain of light, the Mission Press, from 
which many millions of pages are sent 
forth every year. We find, too, the 
Christian school and the ministry of 
healing at the hands of missionaries ; we 
can find Christian homes among the peo- 
ple and family altars and, if we could 
search it out, we would find the leaven of 
the Gospel working throughout Syria, 
with its transforming power in many 



hearts where as yet there are no very 
manifest signs of its presence. 

Now, let us ask ourselves, what has 
made America such a land of light and 
liberty and noble civilization? Is it not 
the Bible, the Church, the press, the 
school, the home and the ministries of 
Christian philanthropy? These are the 
agencies which, with God's blessing, have 
given us our place of power and privilege 
among the nations. What would have 
been the history of America if these 
mighty forces had been altogether elim- 
inated from our social, intellectual and 
religious life ? And may we not be con- 
fident that what God has done for Amer- 
ica through these agencies he will do also 
for other lands where in His providence 
He has introduced them ? 

We must note, however, that the con- 
ditions which surround the workings of 
these instrumentalities have been im- 
mensely to the advantage of our own 
America in comparison with those which 
environ their entrance into Eastern 
lands. Here was new, fresh soil and 
open doors of entrance for earnest, brave 
and loyal hearts to take possession. 
Stalwart men and women under the 
pressure of conscientious convictions and 
with hearts aglow with aspiration and a 
noble mission taxing their energies, en- 
tered in the fear of God into a new land 
to work out under the guidance of the 
Great Leader of the Nations a magnifi- 
cent destiny. But in the East, these 
agencies of light and civilization which 
entered America with a free step and a 
high enthusiasm and an indomitable 
courage and with full scope to work out 
their destiny, must force an entrance 
where their coming is viewed with sus- 
picion, where active and powerful foes 
spring up to contest their progress. With 
all the advantages which America has af- 
forded for the development of high civil- 
ization under the inspiration and guidance 
of these noblest elements of our modern 
life, there is yet much to be desired in 
American achievements, and in the re- 
ligious life of even the last decade of this 
throbbing century. Must we not then 
be patient, and considerate, and not lose 
heart and courage, as we witness the con- 
flicts of Christian missions with the 
mighty opposing forces struggling to 
retain supremacy in hearts where they 
have long held sway? We will be pa- 
tient, and persevering, and loyal, and 
believing, and prayerful. Our Gospel 



1892.] 



EVEN THE DRUZE WOMAN. 



3 2 5 



and its noble allies will tvin in this strug- 
gle. No one can visit a land like Syria 
and trace the history of that brief and 
heroic campaign of evangelical missions, 
carried on against tremendous opposition, 
and behold the results already achieved, 
the strategic points taken and held, the 
commanding positions already occupied, 
and note the living, undying energy of 
the Gospel as it steadily advances in 
spite of the most determined hostility, 
without having his heart cheered and 
his faith confirmed in the reality of 
its progress and the certainty of its 
victory. 

There are other scenes of missionary 
activity that we could visit all around 
the coasts of the vast interior continent. 
The Turkish Empire itself is a perfect 
archipelago of centres of mission light 
and work. And we can pass on to the 
dark continent of Africa, to India, China, 
Japan and the islands of the South Pa- 
cific and find everywhere the cheering 
signs of a new world for Christ. 

Let us have faith — let us have grand, 
strong faith. The magnificent forces of 
the Gospel are actively at work and full 
of the energy which God has given to 
them. Under God's guidance they will 
possess the world and make all things 
new. What honors are now freely ac- 
corded to those who wrought in faith for 
the discovery and occupation of our own 
continent, who "walked by faith and not 
by sight" upon the shores of America 
hundreds of years ago ! Those who in 
their day and in their humble sphere were 
workmen of God in preparation for the 



great future of our now teeming conti- 
nent are the heroes of the hour. 

So it shall be with those who toil in 
faith for the coming of the world-wide 
Kingdom of Light. They shall have 
their reward and their hearts shall be 
thrilled with the joy of victory. What 
rejoicings even now must fill the heart of 
Carey, that Columbus of modern mis- 
sions, as he beholds the Kingdom of 
Christ advancing on the earth ! 

Our Voyage of Discovery will be in 
vain, however, unless we gather a solemn 
impression of the responsibility and duty 
of the Christian Church to carry on this 
great enterprise with renewed energy 
and rising enthusiasm. We shall have 
missed, perhaps, the most important les- 
son of our voyage, unless we return with 
an earnest purpose to deepen our conse- 
cration and widen our sympathies and 
multiply our prayers and increase our 
gifts and do loyally our full part, in this 
most magnificent of all the services of 
man for man and heaven for earth. 

The new continent which Columbus 
discovered was of little consequence to 
the Old World at first, but God had mar- 
velous purposes and, now, the New World 
is a blessing and a refuge and an inspira- 
tion to the Old. So, that glorious con- 
tinent upon the shores of which the 
pioneers of Christian missionary enter- 
prise have already landed will some day 
be the joy of the whole earth. It shall 
finally be peopled with God's Elect and 
shall become more and more a blessing 
and a praise to all who love our Lord and 
long for His redemption. 

James S. Dennis. 



EVEN THE DRUZE WOMAN. 



A glance backward through a score 
or more of years helps one to realize 
some changes which have taken place in 
Lebanon, in the passing away of old 
customs and the remodeling of old ideas. 

I remember calling with my husband 
during the early part of our missionary 
life at the house of a Druze of rank. We 
were received by the oriental lord in his 
apartment for visitors. On asking to see 
his wife, whom I had known a few years 
before as a little girl in one of our mis- 
sion schools, he bade an attendant to take 
me to her part of the house. Leaving 
my husband I was escorted through a 
long passageway to a door which the 
man opened with a heavy key. I confess 
to a little shrinking as it grated in the 



lock. I was then taken up a flight of 
stairs to a court into which opened two 
or three rooms. In one of them I found 
the little Sit (lady), who was still in her 
teens. These rooms and the court, in 
which a few flowers were growing, were 
her little world, I might almost say prison, 
for she had few liberties beyond its 
bounds. Not even an outing to visit 
her parents was permitted her during 
the first twenty or more years of her 
married life. This call was made not far 
from twenty-five years ago. On our last 
visit at the same house, we were received 
by this same lady in a well-furnished 
parlor below stairs. No key unlocked 
the door. She was dignified and self- 
possessed, a little shy in the presence of 



326 



FEATURES AT TRIPOLI AND MINYARA, SYRIA. [December, 



my husband, still, only partially covering her face with her delicate veil.* Several 
of her daughters were in the room. Latterly she has been allowed visits to 
Beirut, and has made one to the home of her childhood. 

Another Druze lady who has always come to 
see us after dark and enveloped in a sheet, and 
whose sense of propriety would have been shocked 
had she met on our premises — even at that hour 
and in that array — any male member of our house- 
hold, and who, on our calls upon the family always 
saw me in a private room, while my husband visited 
her's in another room at a safe distance, now re- 
ceives us both with that gentleman in the same 
apartment, he giving most cordial approval and 
opening the way for her to take part in general con- 
versation. 

Old customs and prejudices are yielding, and 
woman's narrow life has begun to widen even among 
Druzes. 

As yet the influence of Christianity has hardly 
reached the women of this sect. Our intercourse 
with them is very friendly. Their sons and daughters 
attend our schools but their strange religion and 
their social ties hold them with an iron grasp. Now 
and then a case occurs which gives hope. One, will 
at least show that a Druze woman's heart can be 
touched by the story of the life of Jesus. 

A common peasant woman to whom we had often 
spoken about the soul and its needs, and who seems, at such times, thoughtful, came 
a short time since to call on us. A roll of large, colored Bible pictures was on the 
back of a chair. We sat down before it and, as I turned them one by one, and 
explained them, I found her very appreciative both of the pictures and the Bible 
incidents they illustrated. Christ conversing with Nicodemus, the marriage scene 
at Cana, the woman at the well, the giving of the invitation at the feast, the 
anointing of the eyes of the blind man, and others, riveted her attention. Christ 
was the central figure in each, and the gentle face, His loving acts and words, 
so attracted her, that, as we finished the roll, she said with feeling, her eyes still 
fixed on one of the pictures, "/ would like to be saved by this Saviour." Was it 
only a passing thought ? S G Bird 

Mt. Lebanon, Sept. 26, 1892. 

* The covering of the face in the presence of men is enjoined on Druze women by their religion. The veil is 
drawn across in such a way as to conceal all but one eye. 




A DRUZE WOMAN. 



SOME FEATURES AT TRIPOLI AND MINYARA, SYRIA. 



The feature of our missionary work in 
which I am personally most interested is 
the women's meetings. Mrs. March has 
one at her home in the Meena* each 
Thursday afternoon and it is well at- 
tended, the women being not only in- 
terested but enthusiastic. I also have a 
meeting here at my home, on the same 
afternoon each week. There are often 
about thirty women present, only six of 
whom are church members, but some of 
these others have come out beautifully, 
and are staunch, true Christians, and the 
good work is going on. A number of 

* The port of Tripoli and the village which has there 
grown up ; about a mile from the city proper. 



these are learning to read ; four have 
now begun in the Testament, who three 
or four months ago did not know one 
letter from another. We began with the 
primer, and the women would learn a few 
letters at a meeting and, then, as they 
worked in their homes, spinning the silk, 
one hand held and turned the reel while 
the other held the loved primer and the 
worker repeated to herself, " this is aleph, 
one dot under," " ba, two dots over," " ta," 
etc. etc. It was and is a positive inspira- 
tion to see how diligent they are. 

And they all bring the same eager 
attention and interest to the Bible lesson, 
and while it does not sound very " large," 



1892.] FEATURES AT TRIPOLI AND MINYARA, SYRIA. 



327 



to say they learned about thirty, perhaps 
forty verses last year, and three hymns, 
and the twenty-third Psalm, it represents 
good, faithful work. I have begun a new 
meeting this year in a poor quarter of the 
city, where the people are largely Maron- 
ites. This is small yet, not more than a 
dozen women ; but four or five are in- 
terested enough to wish to learn 
more and have come down to the 
Thursday meeting and two have 
joined the reading class. 

The gentlemen visit the out- 
stations regularly ; it is only once 
in a while that we ladies can go, 
but the welcome one of us re- 
ceives when she does go, is most 
refreshing. Not long since I went 
with Mr. Nelson to Minyara, a vil- 
lage about four hours from Tripoli 
and one of the brightest spots in 
our mission field. We reached the 
village about six o'clock and it is 
astonishing to see how quickly the 
people can gather together. We 
sat and talked with them until our 
cook arrived and produced from 
the big saddle-bags the little stove, 
kettles and dishes, and we soon 
had a cup of tea that was very 
refreshing after the fatigue of the 
ride. 

The church room rapidly filled up and 
we talked with the various ones, asking 
after the state of church affairs and their 
own circumstances. After reading and 
exposition of a chapter and prayer, they 
bade us " good night " as they thoughtfully 
said we must be tired, and we were free 
to put up our traveling beds and make 
ready for the night. 

Sabbath was a high day — one pro- 
tracted meeting with eager, earnest 
people seeking to know the truth as it is 
in Jesus, and begging for more if one 
did so much as show a sign of stopping. 
We were wakened by childish voices as 
the little ones gathered for Sabbath- 
school. That was followed by church 
service, for which the building was filled 
to the utmost capacity and the doors and 
windows were full of faces. It was a 
mystery where the bodies belonging to 
those faces were stowed away, for they 
were not visible from the inside. After 
this service were two open-air meetings, 
one for the men, the other for the women, 
lasting till noon. After dinner, a very 
large women's meeting was followed by 
communion service, and after supper 



nearly the whole village gathered in hope 
of a wedding, which did not come off 
until the next night ; but we improved 
the opportunity and gave them the won- 
derful news of salvation by Jesus Christ. 
Thus about ten o'clock closed one day, 
very full of opportunity for us, his " sent 
ones " — as the Arabs say. 




MINYARA. 



Monday was taken up with the school, 
where those seventy children made the 
welkin ring as they recited verse after 
verse, psalm and chapter, almost unend- 
ingly it seemed. Is it too much to hope 
for a large harvest, where the seed is 
sown so abundantly and where the soil 
seems so good ? After dinner I called on 
many of the women in their houses, (and 
poorer homes I have never seen,) but 
everywhere there was a bright, happy 
spirit ■ — happy in the Lord is just what 
those women are. In two places we held 
meetings. 

In the evening the daughter of the 
pastor was married in the church. It did 
seem a little odd that the mother did not 
even change her calico dress, and went 
about her usual cares as though it were 
a daily occurrence to send her oldest 
daughter to a home of her own. But Mr. 
Nelson said the words that made the 
happy couple man and wife, and gave the 
waiting crowd some good advice and 
helpful hints as to living their lives unto 
the Lord. The bride, a girl of about 
fourteen, was conducted back to her 
father's home, while the bridegroom 



328 



ALL ABOARD FOR NORTH SYRLA. 



[December, 



went home to put his house in order. 
The women sitting with the bride passed 



a pleasant evening, listening to sweet 
Bible stories and singing hymns. 

Emma Hay Nelson. 



ALL ABOARD FOR NORTH SYRIA.— II. 



Are you ready to take the Hamath dil- 
igence with us (from Hums) this morning 
at four o'clock ? As we expect to live in 




THE HAMATH DILIGENCE. 



a tent, we must take our iron beds, kitchen 
box and cook, and be up bright and early. 
The night being warm, sand flies lively, 
and the fear upon our minds that the 
alarm clock may fail us, we abandon the 
pretense of resting and rise at 2.30. 
We try to partake of the tea, bread and 
milk which the cook has ready, then wend 
our way through the town to the diligence 
office. The carriage is much smaller than 
that from Tripoli, is drawn by three mules 
and the guard is dispensed with. 

The road is good and the scenery more 
varied than between Tripoli and Hums, 
the country is rolling and the villages 
present a different appearance. The ar- 
chitecture is new to me. Fancy a square 
hut, with a roof rising like a pointed cone 
as high again, all of mud bricks, mud- 
plastered ; a part whitewashed, others of 
the natural color, something between a 
London smoke and a chocolate. The 
cities of the dead are conspicuous, out- 
numbering the villages of the living. By 
one small village, six hundred new graves 
tell the story of the fever epidemic last 
year. About the higher villages are ruins 
of rock tombs ; some of the hills are 
honey-combed with them, many were de- 
molished when the road was made. An- 
tiques have been found in them : tear 
bottles, cinerary urns, intaglios, jewelry, 
lamps, etc. ; elocpient though silent wit- 
nesses of the Past. Many of these rock 



tombs may be seen at Restan, the site of 
a very ancient city founded by one of the 
early Syrian kings. The modern village 
is a diligence station and here we ate 
our breakfast. We called for boiled 
eggs, always kept on hand for pas- 
sengers, to supplement our own pro- 
vision, and the woman who brought 
them to the carriage, after staring at 
me for a full minute, turned exclaim- 
ing to the fast-gathering crowd, 
"Why, it is a woman !" at which 
they all crowded about the door to 
take a closer view of this curiosity, 
very free with their remarks mean- 
time, while they watched us eat our 
breakfast. One woman after staring 
gave a surprised whistle. Well, place 
one of them in a New York street car, 
I fancy she would excite quite as 
great astonishment as did I. They 
discolor the lower lip by injecting India 
ink, so the lip protrudes and is of a deep 
blue color. It is their idea of beauty. 

Where we saw men breaking stone for 
the road, we saw women and girls gather- 
ing and bringing it in baskets from the 
plain and thought theirs the harder task. 
We met many mouse-colored donkeys 
which are marked naturally with a black 
cross upon their back and shoulders, re- 
calling the legend that it was a mouse- 
colored donkey which Jesus rode into 
Jerusalem, and therefore, this species has 
ever since borne the mark of the cross to 
which He went. 

AT HAMATH. 

Hamath lies in a hollow surrounded by 
lovely green, marking the course of the 
Orontes River. To look down upon, it 
is a beautiful Syrian city. I have seen 
no other, except Damascus, which I ad- 
mire so much at first sight. As we drive 
down the hill we come first to the ceme- 
teries, next, to an interesting sight : rock 
houses carefully excavated in the solid 
rock. A great smooth front with a door 
and windows, a yard enclosed by a high 
wall all looking neat and comfortable. 
The rock is a chalk. The houses are warm 
in winter and cool in summer. There are 
a thousand such in Hamath, so there must 
be between four and five thousand people 
occupying them. 



I8 9 2.] 



ALL ABOARD FOR NORTH SYRLA. 



3 2 9 



We reach the diligence office at nine 
o'clock, and proceed to the preacher's 
home, where, although unexpected, the 
cordial welcome we receive leaves noth- 
ing to be desired. Our tent is pitched 
on the roof of the rented house where 
services are held. 

We find Hamath exceedingly warm 
(June 7), thermometer 95 0 and no air 
stirring. Our preacher's wife is one of 
my first Syrian friends, she having been a 
teacher in Tripoli when I came. Mualim 
Anise is a courtly gentleman and good 
preacher. He is the eldest of a family of 
eight, left orphans years ago (his father 
was an elder in the church), and he has 
filled the place of parents to the others. 
One brother is deaf and dumb ; he is very 

East from Greenwich. 



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SAFITA* ARAB** 
• •MM 1 

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biadiyehV 
, hibeibeh5 3 > 

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1 HUMS 
30-000 


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1BEH / 
(ZEE II J 

v.CEOARS J 
OOMA 1 


) 


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>BEMT 

90.000 







J6*30' 



36* 
Salt el Miles. 
8 lb n 20 28 30 



36* 30' 



clever. He can point out the printed 
words "God," "Jesus Christ," and can 
pronounce the word " Lord," showing 
what would be possible if he had careful 
teaching. He is so gentle that all chil- 
dren and animals love him. 



There is a boys' school here in a hired 
building which they have outgrown. 
There is no school for girls but the peo- 
ple constantly importune to have their 
girls taught and we do hope the way may 
be clear for opening a school for them 
sometime. The preacher's wife visits the 
people and although she cannot hold 
regularly appointed women's meetings — 
they would not dare attend — on the oc- 
casions of their visits to her or of her's to 
them, they delight in her reading and ex- 
plaining of the Bible. They often ask her 
to read by the hour, eagerly listening. 

Hamath is more uncivilized and Mos- 
lem than Hums, because here it is really 
unsafe to venture in the streets without 
tzar and veil. It is the first time I have 
worn them in earnest. 

You have heard of the 
ancient water-wheels* 
which raise the water from 
the river to the pipes which 
supply this city. There 
are probably eighty of 
these wheels, great and 
small, a wonderfully inter- 
esting sight which, as well 
as the doleful creaking of 
their ceaseless round, is 
among the never-to-be- 
forgottens. The sound is 
especially noticeable in the 
silent night hours. 

This noon, pouring some 
water upon my hands from 
a pitcher which had been 
standing in the sun, it 
actually burned them. 
Everything hanging on the 
wall in the tent was too 
hot to touch ; we sleep 
there, there being a cool 
breeze during the night, 
but through the day we re- 
main in the rooms below. 

Dr. Harris finds many 
patients here ; the room is 
thronged with lame, halt 
and blind, but they are not 
so pleasant to treat as 
some. Speaking of the un- 
pleasant things, I find the 
bird's eye view of the in- 
terior of the city the best, especially for 
the olfactory nerve, for the air is freighted 
with odors, not from Araby. We cannot 
live with closed windows, but can hardly 
endure to have them open. 

* See cut, M'omaris ll'ork^ December, 1891. 



33° 



ALL ABOARD LOR NORTH SYRLA. 



[December, 



BACK TO HUMS. 

Instead of one or two weeks in Hamath 
as we expected, we find ourselves back in 
Hums already. Doctor found a case of 
diphtheria just over the wall from our 
tent, so we thought best to "fold our 
tents like the Arabs and silently steal 
away." In reality there was not much 
silence about our departure. All the fore- 
noon Doctor was busy with the crowd. 
Some patients are to come to Hums, 
some will go to Tripoli for long treat- 
ment, and one we brought with us. 

We examined the girls' school to-day. 
The Bishop's school has taken most of 
the girls ; there were only thirty present 
but they acquitted themselves with credit. 
Their teacher says she shall not take a 
vacation this summer for fear of losing 
more pupils. 

Yesterday I went again between serv- 
ices to hold a women's meeting in the 
new part outside the walls. The boys' 
teacher walked before us as guard. We 
had no trouble going and had a good 
meeting, but, returning, I was accom- 
panied only by several women and girls. 
A crowd of Moslem men and boys began 
to follow us, and although the elder wo- 
men kept close to me as I hurried on, it 
was not the most pleasant situation. 
The audible remarks were not reassur- 
ing. "What! has it come to this, that 
we allow a woman to walk through our 
streets uncovered ? " " What is this bas- 
ket this woman has placed upon her 
head ? " 

AT FEIRUZI. 

The village of Feiruzi is one hour's 
ride, at a slow pace, from Hums, and a 
visit there had been one of the antici- 
pated pleasures of this trip, but the Feir- 
uzi friends had informed the Doctor that 
there was a disease among the cattle from 
which they were dying rapidly and, as 
their carcasses were simply drawn out 
on the plain and left unburied, the air 
was very unwholesome, and they thought 
he should not make the visit. However, 
when we returned from Hamath we were 
glad to hear that Government (occasion- 
ally guilty of a wise act) had ordered all 
the carcasses buried and it would be safe 
for us. We went, therefore, and set up 
our tent at sunset one afternoon beside 
the outer wall. A crowd gathered as 
soon as we were seen- — a friendly crowd. 
They supplied our wants as to jars of water 
and milk, carried off our horses to safe 



shelter, and warned us there were thieves 
about and we would be safer in the vil- 
lage. After being invited to bring all their 
sick people to the American doctor the 
following day, they left us with good 
wishes. By daylight they were back 
again, their ailing ones with them. At six 
a.m., when Doctor left the tent, he found 

a great crowd waiting to whom was 

reading and preaching. All day they 
thronged. Little daughter feared she 
and I would be smothered, the women 
and girls crowded about us so, as we read 
to them in the shade of the tent, the little 
missionary telling Bible stories greatly to 
their interest. 

We were invited to visit the priest. 
The mud floor had been swept and 
sprinkled, and rugs and cushions were 
spread for us. A crowd filled, the side of 
the room, and after a time spent in con- 
versation, all paid attention to the read- 
ing of God's Word, exposition and prayer. 
We were then taken to the only green 
spot in Feiruzi, a " garden " containing 
four pear trees, a dozen fig trees and 
grape vines. They spread rugs under 
the trees and gathered about us again. 
The vines were suggestive of a subject, 
"The True Vine." Next we were shown 
the deep well, the pride and blessing of 
the village. Here we saw a boy riding a 
horse down the street to hoist the bucket 
made of skin, filled with sparkling cold 
water. Here again was a chance for a 
word about the " Water of Life." 

A prayer meeting was held near the 
tent in the evening, and it was a sight to 
send one to his knees asking God's bless- 
ing upon the leaven working in this vil- 
lage, so recently without a sign of the 
pure gospel of Jesus. The ex-teacher and 
the one church member offered earnest 
simple prayers and sang several hymns. 
Doctor asked the one member how 
many there were convinced of the truth. 
He replied, " as many as twenty who 
would, like Nicodemus, come to Jesus by 
night, and six who are ready to come now 
boldly." We have great hopes of this 
place and anticipate its becoming a second 
Minyara and Amar. May God send His 
Spirit in abundant measure ! 

We visited a Bedouin encampment and, 
later, the Sheikh brought his girlish bride 
to our tent. I wish I had her picture to 
send you ; she was dressed in dark blue 
cotton clothing, large, ungainly boots, 
her arms, hands and face profusely tat- 
toed, an abundance of bracelets, ear-rings, 



1892 ] 



ALL ABOARD FOR NORTH SYRLA. 



33* 




and a nose-ring with a blue stone in it. 
Their ostensible errand was to consult 
Doctor on her account, but when he could 
find nothing the matter with her and told 
her he believed she was well, she burst 
out laughing (although moaning a few 
minutes before), and finally arose with 
alacrity, drew on her boots which she 
had removed before seating herself on 
the rug, and merrily started home. I 
thought it was only an excuse to see the 
inside of a Frank tent, but Doctor has 
had more experience and said she was 
consulting, having the chance, for a long- 
past ailment. 

We return for one more day in Hums. 
If I should tell the unpleasant things of 
this trip you might pardon us for thinking 
longingly of the pleasant home in Tripoli. 
Shall I ? The scorching air full of crea- 
tures with wings and stings, floors alive 
with fleas, walls and ceiling inhabited by 
other unpleasant creatures of appetite. 
I made my first personal acquaintance 
with the Pcdiculus tabescentium. 



HUMS AGAIN AND THE START FOR 
HOME. 

In Hums we miss the sound of the 
church bells. When the new Greek 
Bishop came, about four years ago, he 
brought with him a bell for his church, 
but the first time it was rung the Moslem 
soldiers went to order its removal. The 
sound of a church bell had not been heard 
in over eleven hundred years and " by the 
beard of the Prophet " it should never be 
again. The Bishop, realizing all that this 
restriction meant, spent the following- 
three days fasting and secluded. Instead 
of the vesper chime, we hear the muezzin. 
How long, oh ! Lord, how long? 

On Saturday morning, June 18, we rose 
before the birds and secured the same 
diligence seats as before. There was but 
one other outside passenger, a pleasant 
Turkish lady. I wish I had counted the 
cigarettes she smoked during the twelve 
hours' ride. She acknowledged using 
over half a pound of tobacco daily. 

We stopped to lunch where the black 



33 2 



SALUTATION FROM ONE OF THE MISSIONARIES. [December, 



man overtook his runaway wife,* who, we 
learned, has not returned to him. 

We had a delightful ride in the cool 




of the guard's horn, we dashed into the 
yard of the diligence company (a little 
north of Tripoli), alighted just in time 
to get the horse cars, and 
during the next forty min- 
utes forgot fatigue in the 
pleasure of a cordial welcome 
home all along the way. 

Alice L. E. Harris. 



THE MIS-ION HOUSE RENTED 
AT HAMATH. 



1 



air, and two hours from Tripoli 
were able to get some delicious 
apricots which we enjoyed, with 
the sea air, the view of the beauti- 
ful blue Mediterranean again, and 
far away the Meena (port) of 
Tripoli jutting into the sea. With 
a grand flourish and a joyful peal 




ROCK HOUSES OF PROTESTANTS IN THE HILLSIDE ABOVE HAMATH. 
THE DEBRIS FROM THE EXCAVATION MAKES THE ENCLOS- 
ING WALLS. EACH DOOR IS ENTRANCE TO A 
SE1ARATE HOUSE OF ONE ROOM. 



SALUTATION FROM ONE OF THE SENIOR MISSIONARIES. 



I am sitting upon the roof of our sum- 
mer house on Mt. Lebanon. The plain, 
the sea, the goodly mountain in all their 
grandeur are before me, but they cannot 
hold my thoughts here. I am not here 
but I am once more where I was a year 
ago to-day, standing upon the deck of 
The City of Berlin. I am one of the little 
company gathered there to whom I am to 
say farewell — son, daughters, grandson. 
I see again the father hold up the little 
boy for the last kiss and hear him say, " I 
brought him hoping that he may remem- 
ber his grand-parents." We were about 
to leave our native land for the fourth 
time. November '51, August '63, October 
'73, now, August '91 : a series of depart- 
ures, each one involving separations more 
painful, partings more trying, than the 
previous one. Does one become " accus- 
tomed " to such scenes ? Never. 

I hear again the steamer's warning bell ; 
it says, all must leave. We are left alone 
as we went first from our native land, my 
husband and I. No regrets, but joy in 
this sacrifice for Him who left His home 
in glory for us. 

Twelve months have passed since then. 
Our home in Beirut has not seemed like 
our home — not one of our five children 
with us ; but we have not been cast down, 



but cheerful and looking forward — when 
days of preparation for future work are 
over — to the return of two daughters and, 
their furlough ended, for the son and his 
family from America. It is a great com- 
fort, as inquiry is made for one after 
another of our absent ones, to hear the 
oft-repeated response to our reply " God 
bring them in peace." 

There have been bright spots in these 
months of loneliness. Two short visits 
from our daughter, Mr. Hoskins, and the 
little grand-daughter have been refresh- 
ing and enlivening. 

Then the weekly letters ! Those accus- 
tomed to many daily deliveries at the 
house door may not consider a weekly 
post a cause for thankfulness, but we 
watched for it from America with eager 
interest. Regularly as the arrival of the 
steamer, has news come with fresh occa- 
sions for thanksgiving only. Forty years 
ago, our parents were able to hear from 
us once in six weeks. No Atlantic Cable 
then to transmit messages. 

I would not be unmindful of the kind 
and loving sympathy shown us by Chris- 
tian friends. Our Syrian friends have 
been very thoughtful, endearing them- 
selves more than ever, if possible, to us. 
I have been able to comfort others " with 



See Woman's Work, Nov., p. 306. 



1892.] 



ZAHIL, AGED EIGHTEEN MONTHS. 



333 



the comfort wherewith I have been com- 
forted " as children have been leaving 
home for America, and this new exper- 
ience of bereavement has made many a 
mother's heart ache. 

Living over the months of our late 
visit in America, it has been a source of 
great pleasure to recall by name the 
friends we met, the homes to which we 
were welcomed, the gatherings of Chris- 
tian sisters. We are glad we were per- 
mitted to go. We want to go again more 
than ever. To many of these friends I 



have strongly desired to write, but I have 
been forbidden to use my eyes. I have 
violated this prohibition only to write to 
absent children. My warm salutations 
to one and all whom I have the privilege 
of claiming as friends. I prize their letters. 
I prize their prayers. I know their 
works and labor of love for Christ, and I 
esteem them highly, but I cannot tell 
them so, except in these few lines, as they 
find a place in our mutual magazine. 
Loving messages to each one from 

H. M. Condit Eddy. 



ZAHIL, AGED EIGHTEEN MONTHS. 

The doctor covered with red calico, and into this the 
little red pillow was placed for baby 
Zahil's head. The tiny form was then 
wrapped in white muslin and laid inside 
the coffin to which there was no end 
piece — just a bit of the calico hanging 
down from the cover and hiding the little 
feet. They carried it out, the church 
bell tolling, priests chanting, the father 
and relatives weeping aloud, down to the 
church hard by, where a long service was 
held, after which they proceeded to the 
place of burial, a vault in which an 
opening had been made for the little 
coffin to be dropped through. There 
were no last words of hope or comfort 
over a grave flower-wreathed ; there was 
no looking up and on to the time when 
" the dead shall rise incorruptible." It 
was, in truth, " earth to earth, ashes to 
ashes, dust to dust," to those ignorant 
Syrian villagers. 

The mother, whom custom did not 
permit to attend the funeral, could only 
cry, " Zahil, Zahil, my child, my child," 
as she watched the procession pass along 
to the burying. She knew nothing of 
meeting her baby by-and-by, and one 
who knew, told her what to do that she 
might meet him at last. But she loved 
sin too well, loved to quarrel and swear 
and have her own way too thoroughly to 
let the words sink into her heart, and the 
moment passed when God was near and 
she might have found the Comforter. 

Alas! Jesus of Nazareth has "passed 
by." Will He ever return and knock 
for admittance at that heart's door ? He 
alone knows. 



Little Zahil was dyin_ 
had said he could live but a few hours. 
Poor little baby ! He had made a brave 
fight for life, but the measles and filth 
and neglect had proved too much for the 
frail little body, and he had at last ceased 
to moan those piteous moans, and with 
the sweet little mouth drawn and white, 
was slipping away into the arms of hover- 
ing angels. Ere long the last sobbing 
breath was drawn, the little limbs lay 
straightened and fast growing cold, and 
— " Zahil is dead " was the cry. 

It was night, and by the light of the 
tall brass lamp the tiny form was arrayed 
in a black velvet robe, gay with large 
white buttons and red cotton lace, and 
placed on a little bed on the floor with 
the head on a small red pillow. Then 
the mother, poor, ignorant Im Najeeb, 
and Khudra, the married sister, with Rahil, 
the little sister, seated themselves around 
this tiny bed of death, weeping, wailing, 
beating their breasts and making much 
ado. Sympathizing neighbors and friends 
came in and they too crouched near, 
wailing also, while now and then a young 
widow who had recently lost two brothers, 
young men, would break into a chant, 
praising the dead, her own and the little 
form before her, which called forth 
louder and sharper cries. 

As the evening wore on the neighbors 
silently withdrew, leaving Im Najeeb alone 
with a relative or two beside her dead 
baby. All night she sat there, until the 
first faint streaks of morning showed over 
Jebel Fughry, and with the return of 
friends and neighbors the wailing began 
afresh. About seven a. m., there was 
brought in a tiny coffin, coarse and rough, 



Duma, Mt. Lebanon, 



M. C. Holmes. 
October 6, 1892. 

While the Turkish government is more chilly than ever towards our schools in 
Syria, applications -of students are correspondingly increased. Fall term opened 
in Tripoli, October 11. 



[December, 



A LITTLE CORNER OF THE EARTH. 



I have been spending my first month 
of vacation up here in Suk el Ghurb, one 
of the chain of mountain villages over- 
looking the city and plain of Beirut.* 
The view is a beautiful one ; a carriage 
road or two winding down the mountains 
to the plain below, which is covered with 
extensive olive groves and stretches of 
mulberry trees and pines ; wastes of 
sand near the shore and, if the wind be 
from the west, a fringe of white breakers 
on the beach toward Sidon. On the 
north side of the far-reaching point lie 
steamers and sailing vessels at anchor near 
the stili uncompleted breakwater, and the 
quarantine harbor is filled with light craft 
from Acre, Haifa, Tyre and Sidon, for 
cholera still prevails at the first-named 
city. At Ras Beirut the college build- 
ings and the light-house stand out prom- 
inently and beyond lies the "great and 
wide sea" with its varying tints. 

But it is not of Beirut I wish to write, 
but rather of a tiny village in a nook in 
the mountains not far from the Suk. All 
the families there belong to the Metawaly 
sect, the branch of the Moslems so 
prominent in Persia. I walked there the 
other morning to pay a visit to an Eng- 
lish lady living in the place, my compan- 
ion being a graduate of Beirut Seminary, 
a sweet girl who is to be married to one 
of the Zahleh teachers next week. She 
and her sisters tried holding women's 
meetings at this village, but owing to the 
opposition of the sheikh and their own 
indifference the women soon ceased to 
attend. Then the men, recognizing that 
the children in the villages round about 
them (they are in the Abeih field) were 
learning to read while their children 
were running wild, expressed a wish to 
have a school, and Miss W. went there 
and, with some outside help, I don't 
know how much, hired a teacher and 
opened a girls' school in which she helps. 
The boys can attend school in the Suk. 
We first paid a visit to her and had an 

* See frontispiece. 



interesting talk about her life in Singa- 
pore, where she was a missionary for a 
number of years till her health broke 
down. Afterward she was in India for a 
while and for several years she has been 
in Syria, living in a humble way and do- 
ing what she can to help others. Surely 
her bright Christian spirit in the midst of 
many trials and much loneliness must be 
a means of grace to all who know her. 

We were delighted with the little 
school, small in numbers (there were only 
about twenty pupils, including two or 
three boys) and small as regards the size 
of those twenty. Such little tots as 
some of them were ! and how their faces 
brightened and their black eyes shone 
as we stepped in and spoke to them ! 
Though the school had been open but six 
months, a number were reading in the 
New Testament and even the smallest 
were learning something. The teacher 
said they were so eager to study that 
even at recess they would recite their 
lessons to each other instead of playing. 

One little girl read for us and the 
teacher tried to make a little boy tell 
who was the first man and who the first 
woman. As is usual in such cases, nearly 
all but the small victim could give the 
correct answers, but the unusual occur- 
rence of reciting before visitors deprived 
him of memory and utterance. They 
sang a hymn for us and I came away de- 
lighted with the enthusiasm of teacher 
and pupils and the general brightness of 
the place. Possibly, and I speak in all 
modesty, the enthusiasm of the two vis- 
itors reacted on the pupils. 

I like to visit these humble village 
schools and especially enjoyed this one 
because, as I said, it consisted entirely of 
Metawaly children whose love and rever- 
ence for Christ are no more than what 
they have for Abraham and Moses until 
they are taught in such schools as these. 

Charlotte H. Brown. 

Mt. Lebanon, August 8, 1892. 



The pleasant relations within the San 
Paulo school as well as its grade socially, 
were illustrated on the occasion of Miss 
Williamson's birthday, when a young 
Brazilian teacher insisted on taking her 
duties and giving her the day free, and 



the teachers combined in presenting her 
a beautiful pin made in Minas, the 
patriotic centre of their country. 

Although the tuition fee in this school 
was raised last year, it had no influence 
to reduce the numbers. 



i8g2.] 



SYRIA. 

Mrs. H. H. Jessup, of Beirut, wrote from Aaleih, 
in the Labanon, Sept. 30 : 

This summer some of our missionary 
circle have proposed a prayer union among ourselves 
to make a special request for the outpouring of 
God's Spirit, and the reviving of His work in this 
land. The subiect has lain heavily upon all our 
hearts for a year past, but no specific time has been 
set apart for such prayer until this summer, when 
it was proposed that we should unite at the hour of 
noon. I think that we all feel the need of this 
reviving in our own hearts and we see the need of 
it in the churches, which are in some instances 
yielding to unholy contentions and divisions, and 
it certainly is necessary in reaching the hearts and 
consciences of those who are still in darkness. 

The difficulties attending the work here are greatly 
increased by the uncontrollable desire on the part of 
all classes to go to America. Some of the best 
teachers, even preachers ; the brightest scholars in 
both boys' and girls' schools, not to speak of multi- 
tudes of the uneducated, are crazed by the prevailing 
idea that by going to America they will make their 
fortunes. There will undoubtedly be a reaction 
after the Chicago Exposition, and I fear it will be 
a sad awakening on the part of many to a reality of 
loss and failure and misery. We can only pray that 
God will over-rule these events to His own glory, 
and to the future good of this people. 

GUATEMALA CITY. 

Mrs. Iddings wrote with reference to the new 
church which was dedicated last February : 

We were only enabled to complete our church for 
occupation, by the free generous gifts of many 
citizens of Guatemala. Four gentlemen gave fifty 
dollars each, and three others thirty-five dollars, 
which furnished lamps, chairs, a small table, and a 
carpet for the rostrum, and matting for the aisles. 
We now have a nice, large, cool, pleasant church, 
appreciated by all classes. 

We had our first communion in April, the first 
our people had ever seen, though we now have it 
every three months. Next, we instituted Tuesday 
night lectures, Mr. Haymaker and Mr. Iddings 



taking turns. They choose subjects which are 
calculated to elevate the people and instruct them 
about other countries, religions, and peoples. The 
Spaniard, in general, is contented to remain where 
he is, and when they wont read for themselves, we, 
who have had greater opportunities, must do what 
little we can for them. 

THE SHOW WINDOW A GREAT SUCCESS. 

A building in which to operate the mission print- 
ing press has been completed on the lot adjoining the 
church. The front of the lower story has been 
partitioned off for a small shop in which to sell 
Bibles, tracts, and other religious books. It is 
built with a large show window in which we have a 
great many Bibles, open at different passages, while 
papers, tracts, and texts are in abundance. Often 
there are half a dozen people standing and reading 
before that window ; as a result we have sold many 
Bibles, even those costing three or four dollars. 
The number of tracts distributed is marvelous ; we 
have five services a week, and distribute at each 
service. When the streets are filled with people it 
keeps us busy handing them out. Easter week we 
gave out between 30,000 and 40,000 printed pages, 
and on Holy Friday, as a procession was passing 
the church, the boys and men carrying the images 
dropped them in the street and flocked to the door 
to receive tracts, until the priests, calling them, hur- 
ried the procession onward. Since then they are not 
so particular to pass our church with their parades. 

Mr. Haymaker and his family leave next month 
for the United States for a year's vacation ; then Mr. 
Iddings will have double work to perform, and I 
shall miss them very much, as I have few friends 
among the foreigners. But a year, when we are 
busy, will soon pass. 

PERSIA. 

EIGHT CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR BOYS. 

Rev. S. L. Ward wrote from Teheran, Sep- 
tember 4 : 

The cholera has come in to stop all our regular 
work. This is the fourth Sunday that we have been 
without service, save a few of our own household 
and the schools. We are now past the ' ' valley of 



33 6 



LETTERS. 



[December. 



the dark shadow." Some 20,000 Persians have 
probably passed into eternity from Teheran and 
summer places on the mountain side near. 

We have received into the hospital seventy per- 
sons, and eight boys from our school have done 
most of the nursing, while hearts of others on all 
sides were failing them. They have covered them- 
selves with honor. It remains to be seen if with 
glory also. All the eight are Christian Endeavorers, 
and their religion has been to them a comfort and 
stay. Save three persons — two Englishmen and a 
Fire Worshiper — all the efforts made for the relief of 
cholera in this city have been in connection with our 
mission. The whole corps of nurses and doctors 
are volunteers, and expenses to the amount of one 
thousand tomans have been met by European resi- 
dents. 

At the summer places there were deaths in the 
houses and gardens adjoining ours, but it has " not 
come nigh us. " At the hospital one of the guards died ; 
otherwise there has been no loss of our force. One 
employe, and children of others, have had the dis- 
ease and recovered. There is now but little cholera 
left, while on one day the deaths amounted probably 
to one thousand. The missionaries and our helpers 
have personally seen more than five hundred per- 
sons and given medicine to one thousand more, at a 
low estimate. Most of the Europeans attacked 
have died, probably because of intemperate habits. 

The opening of school will probably be delayed 
until October 1, as there is much typhoid and 
typhus fever in the city. 

THE CURIOSITY OF VISITORS. 

Dr. Jessie Wilson wrote from Hamadan 
August 25 : 

This morning Miss Leinbach and I resolved that 
we would devote the forenoon to writing letters, so 
we brought a Persian rug and spread it under some 
weeping willow trees and, with our writing materials, 
were prepared to devote a few happy hours to our 
dear friends on the other side of the Atlantic. But, 
alas ! We were hardly seated when seven Persian 
women gathered around us and, seating themselves 
on the ground in a semi-circle, began to tamos ha 
the Frangees. I tried to think, to talk, to listen, to 
write, all at the same time. The result was a 
spoiled sheet of paper and a feeling of despair. 
They examined my dress, discussed its texture, 
style, probable cost, and asked where I bought it. 
Next they discovered some hair pins and, pulling 
them out, commented on them. They greatly de- 
sired me to take my hair down so they could see 
how long it was. The Persian women have long 
hair and beautiful, only it is rather coarse, and 
many times spoiled by being dyed with henna. 

At last, the visitors inquired if my learning ex- 
tended to reading Persian. Miss Leinbach ran up- 
stairs and brought a Testament. Not a word was 



spoken as I read, except as they commented upon 
some of the passages. I read about the living water, 
and I had no sooner finished than they requested 
"More, more!" I read the third chapter of John 
and a discussion arose among them about Christ's 
resurrection. I explained to them, but, concluding 
that they would understand the plain words of the 
Gospel better than anything I could say, I read the 
last chapter of Matthew and, after talking a little, 
told them I must continue my writing. Three went 
away, but the other four remained to see me write, 
and it is almost impossible to keep them from tak- 
ing the pen into their own hands. 

AWAITING THE CHOLERA. 

I am spending a week with Mrs. Hawkes, Miss 
Charlotte Montgomery and Miss Leinbach, at a gar- 
den a mile and a half from the city. I concluded to 
take one full week's rest and leave my medical work 
entirely and in this way prepare for the greater 
duties which are so unmistakably before me. Mrs. 
Hawkes and I expect to continue dispensary work 
next week, unless cholera is so bad that we make 
other arrangements. 

It looks as though our hands might be full soon. 
Isolated cases are now occurring which are said to be 
genuine cholera, so that the outbreak cannot be long 
delayed. Before this letter reaches you the telegraph 
will probably have conveyed the news of its raging 
here. Our city is so filthy and the Persians eat so 
mucli fruit — watermelons, muskmelons, cucumbers, 
grapes, etc. — that it would be a miracle if disease 
did not break out among them. Added to this, a 
multitude of people are coming in from Teheran, 
Tabriz and neighboring villages where cholera is 
raging. Every one who comes adds to the danger, 
especially when we know that their companions have 
died and been buried on the way. 

The Armenians say that they left their meals 
cooking and hurried from Teheran. They left a 
man dying alone, in one of their houses. Every- 
body, now, who can get out, is rushing pell-mell 
from Hamadan. Do you ask if we are frightened? 
Our stay is in the ninety-first Psalm. It seems as if 
that was especially written for cholera times. I 
think the missionaries have very little fear. I am 
only waiting to do the work which we are so soon to 
expect. Each night we gather in our little room 
and spend half an hour in prayer for those who are 
so nobly facing the danger and relieving suffering. 
We are thankful for each day that the dread disease 
is held in check. I have seen many cases of dysen- 
tery, but not cholera. One woman to whom I was 
called, who was ill with dysentery, had been taking 
a Jewish doctor's prescription. He gave her small 
pills of the yellow of an egg, one to be taken even- 
hour. She was to take sour, thick milk as nourish- 
ment and to have a pan filled with plaster and water 
placed under her nose. The woman died. 



1892.] 



LETTERS. 



337 



NORTH INDIA. 

Mrs. Arthur H. Ewing, whose husband has 
charge of the Boys' School at Lodiana, wrote from 
there Aug. 2 : 

We have become very much attached to the school. 
Last year everything was so new, it seemed a great 
undertaking, and we were sometimes rather discour- 
aged ; but as we get accustomed to it and better 
acquainted with our boys, the pleasure far overbal- 
ances the trials and we would now be very sorry to 
have to give it up. We have gotten in some very 
fine boys. One drawback has been a rather incom- 
petent head-master, but my husband is getting a 
new man for next year, not only a good master but 
an earnest Christian. 

Mr. Ewing performed his first baptismal service 
last February. He then baptized a young Moham- 
medan. He baptized another young man Sunday 
night who has been in school several weeks, and 
been given special Christian teaching. 

PRINCIPLE ON WHICH THE SCHOOL IS MADE UP. 

It is not our custom to take any boy unless he has 
either made a public confession of faith or is the son 
of Christian parents, or has been given to some 
missionary and received Christian training. In this 
case my husband agreed to make an exception. 
The boy had been taken from a heathen home and 
was the special charge of a lady missionary. 

It may seem to you hardly a right rule to exclude 
heathen boys, but as it is known as the "Christian 
boys' boarding school," we cannot have it otherwise. 

Aside from our school, Mr. Ewing and I started 
an effort among heathen boys this spring. There 
had been for several months an attempt to have a 
Sunday-school for them in the City Mission School, 
which is for heathen boys. It was put in charge of a 
Native Christian., but had been rather a drag, so Mr. 
Ewing decided to look after it. I was able to go 
only a few Sundays, and the only part I could take 
was to play the organ, but it was such an interesting 
work. We sometimes had as many as 200 boys and 
men. They were divided off into classes and we 
had six or eight of our boys from the Boarding- 
School to teach them, besides two or three men from 
the Christian village. 

CHINA. 

BOTH SEED TIME AND HARVEST. 

Mrs. Murray wrote from Chinanfu (the first 
letter we have had from there in a long time), 
on July 21 : 

One morning I started on a small wheelbarrow 
with a Christian woman to visit her home, two miles 
and more away. The morning was clear and beau- 
tiful and I quite enjoyed our ride through the green 
wheat fields, but our return was different. I was 
taking my dinner with some of the women upon the 
kang, when suddenly the room seemed getting dark. 
On looking out of the door I saw a heavy storm 



was upon us and the food had a strong flavor of sand. 

I spent the afternoon with the family. There are 
three Christians in this home and some inquirers. 
We had a meeting, sang hymns and heard their 
lessons. About 5 P.M. I said, "I must be going." 
"But you cannot see the road," they all said. Not- 
withstanding their strong invitations, I thought it 
best to turn my face toward the village where my 
husband and little boy were waiting for me. We 
had a strong, cold head-wind to face, and the man 
said he could not manage to push the barrow, so, as 
I was cold and needed exercise after being in these 
courts all winter, I suggested walking, if he could 
push it along with only Mrs. Li upon it. I jumped 
off, and in my heart was grateful that I was born in 
a Christian land and did not have compressed feet. 

On this trip I accompanied Mr. Murray to six dif- 
ferent stations, five of them where examinations of 
applicants for baptism were held and the Lord's 
Supper administered. Nineteen were admitted 
to the Church. I found Mrs. Wang (from the 
Chefoo girls' school) doing good work. 

We came home April 28 and in four days started 
to another district northeast of this city. At the 
communion service there, seven were baptized and 
promised to bear witness for Jesus in their heathen 
homes. They were all women of families, and with 
heathen husbands. They are all weak, but in 
prayer we commit them to Him whom, in a feeble 
way, they are endeavoring to serve. 

From this place Mrs. Li, Jamie and I went to 
another village and spent a week in a Christian 
family that kindly opened a room, just built, to the 
women who came to study daily. They were per- 
sons who had been attending Sabbath services and 
were already somewhat interested. On some days 
there were fifteen, at other times ten or twelve 
present. 

During the spring, Mr. Murray received TlURTY- 
ONE into the church and we trust that after years of 
seed-sowing this is only the beginning of a richer 
and greater harvest. There is a wide open door in 
many, many homes, but how few of us to enter ! I 
find women who seem anxious to know of a better 
way and admit that what they have followed does not 
satisfy them. There are also very many who are 
indifferent to everything except making something 
"to pass over the days," and others who are serv- 
ants to their mothers-in-law and dare not come 
to hear the Gospel message. So we meet things 
both to cheer and to discourage. 

The dispensary and hospital on the property in 
the east suburb is ready to open soon ; it is a beau- 
tiful location. This is our very trying season, very 
hot in these small courts, but we are in good health 
and at our usual duties. Mr. Murray has some of 
the helpers in the city for two months' study and 
Dr. Van Schoick has his hands more than full with 
two dispensaries. 



338 



LETTERS. 



[December, 



Mrs. Groves wrote from Tungchow, August 29 : 

Eleven months ago to-day my husband and I 
reached Tungchow and in a few hours took our 
first lesson in Chinese. Since then almost our only 
work has been the study of the language and oh, 
how hard it is ! 

Mr. Groves and I have studied together from the 
first and find we can help each other very much and 
we do not both get down-hearted at the same time. 
I thought I had studied hard when I finished my 
course at school, but that was easy compared to 
Chinese. Still, all this hard study is pleasant in 
view of the great object. Day by day we see things 
about us that we could do if we could only talk and 
so relieve those who are working too hard, or we see 
some poor soul who has never heard of Christ ; but 
our tongues are tied. These and many other things 
urge us to study as hard as we can. 

We are living in Dr. Mateer's house ; have been 
boarding with Mrs. Ritchie who came out three 
years ago and is bravely staying on alone and doing 
work in the school as her husband intended to do. 
A month ago I took charge of the house and Mrs. 
Ritchie is now boarding with us. My lack of ex- 
perience and limited knowledge of Chinese brings 
about some funny occurrences, but nothing but time 
will remedy these. 

The school was to open to-day, but heavy rains 
have detained the boys and not more than one-third 
have returned. Last term I had two classes in 
music ; only learning to read by note and to sing a 
little. This term I shall add a class in arithmetic. 
That seems easy, but it will be hard with my small 
amount of Chinese. 

Mr. Groves expects to start this week for a seven 
weeks' trip to the country with Dr. Corbett, of 
Chefoo; not that he can give Dr. Corbett much 
help, but to learn more of the outside work himself 
and see Dr. Corbett's methods. He will take a class 
in New Testament History and one in Manual 
Training when he returns. 

We who are in school do not seem to be doing so 
much mission work as those who itinerate, yet this 
also is very important and we need the prayers of 
friends at home. Remember me, now that I am 
just beginning. 

LAOS. 

AN OBJECT LESSON. 

Mrs. Dodd wrote from Lampoon (formerly 
spelled Lapoon) several months since : 

We are now living in our new house and our tem- 
porary residence is used for the school. We have 
only a memory of what the place was like when Mr. 
Dodd came down, it has so completely changed. I 
have roses and geraniums ready to set out about the 
new house and hope it will soon look as homelike 
outside as it does inside. We want to make our 
home a lesson to the people who come daily to see 



it and wonder over it. Nothing at all like it has ever 
been seen in Lampoon. 

About half my time is spent in entertaining these 
people, who are mostly strangers to me, women 
from the princes' places over in the city. Their 
only motive seems to be curiosity, but we almost al- 
ways give them something of the Gospel. They 
say "it is good," and if they come often they may 
understand it. The seed is sown and we can leave 
the rest to the Lord of the harvest. He has already 
given us more souls than we can well care for. 
Seventeen villages are represented in the churches, 
some of them nearly a day's journey to the south of us. 

Mr. Dodd goes out nearly every Sabbath after- 
noon to hold service in some village, returning, if 
it is not too far, for service here in the evening. At 
the farther villages he spends a night, eating and 
sleeping with the people. I go with him when I 
can. Last Sabbath he baptized eight adults and 
seven children. The people right around us are 
given up to gambling and merit- making. 

The Governor of the province and a prince of 
lower rank both died since we came here and their 
bodies have been lying for months waiting prepara- 
tion for their cremation. The fact that no real Gov- 
ernor has been appointed, makes the community 
unsettled and rather lawless. The prince who is at 
the head of affairs at present is very friendly. He 
calls Mr. Dodd his nephew, asks him to help govern 
the country, to arrest rowdies and bring them to him 
and he will put them in chains. But, you know, we 
came here to teach, not to rule, and we are anxious, 
as far as possible, to " live peaceably with all men." 

It will be so good when we have Laos books that 
we can give these people, both in the church and 
out of it. There is some one in nearly every family 
who can already read Laos, but all have to learn 
Siamese before they can read the Scriptures in it. 

SIAM. 

Miss Annabel Galt wrote from Petchaburee 
July 26 : 

The first of July was Dominion Day, and Dr. Toy 
showed his patriotism by firing guns and floating the 
Canadian flag. On the Fourth we took dinner at 
Mrs. McClure's. In our noon prayer-meeting we 
remembered our country especially, and the Colum- 
bian Exposition in the matter of Sabbath keeping 
and the sale of liquors. 

Col. Boyd, our U. S. Consul, and much beloved 
by the missionaries, was thought to be at the point 
of death for some time, but he has now started for 
home and left Mr. Eaton as temporary consul. 

Slowly the duties fall upon us. We have been 
having charge of the sewing class lately, not an 
arduous task at all. Until June we were taking our 
meals at Mrs. McClure's ; then we thought we could 
go to housekeeping on our own account It was 
very pleasant to meet there, three times a day. 



1892.] 



♦HOME DE^RTMEHP- 

PROGRAMME FOR MISSIONARY MEETING.— January, iSgj. 

This programme is intended to be suggestive and adaptive rather than formal. 

January is a Social Month, a Family Month, a Giving Month, an Adjusting 
Month, and a Planning Month. Combine all or as many of these features as possible. 

1. The Social feature. — Invite the congregation. Impress it with the fact 
that the Foreign Missionary Society is an important part of the organized work of 
the Church. Solicit memberships: — this is one of the most important of all the 
lines of growth. Who can estimate the possibilities of even one new member ? 

Close with music, light refreshments and a social hour. 

2. The Family feature. — Make it a Union Meeting of Auxiliaries and 
Bands. Give the young people and children a part in the exercises. Let them 
write and distribute invitations and wait upon the guests. 

As this is the month for the General Summary, under the leadership of some 
wise Queen Bee, let the young people be the honey bees to gather and bring the 
sweet trophies of the year's work, thus introducing us to the great Missionary Family 
and their fields, that they may be prayed for. Let each auxiliary give special prom- 
inence to its own missionaries. Have their photographs, and fresh letters from them. 

3. Adjusting. — See that your treasurer is able to present a clean balance sheet, 
all arrearages paid. 

4. Giving. — Bring an offering. Let your full cup run over. Many little 
streams would go far toward making up the deficits of last year. 

5. Planning. — Give ten minutes for Plans and Suggestions, or have an essay 
bearing upon the subject, followed by discussion. 

Scripture Reading. — Matt. 7:7-12, also Luke 17:5, 6. 
Let the hymns be full of joy and gladness — uplifting. 

A Prayer of Thanksgiving at the beginning, and a Prayer of Consecration at the 
close. 

A few minutes might be given for selections of missionary mottoes or watch- 
words in connection with the Scripture reading. 

Subjects for Papers or Talks from which selections may be made. 



FOR OLDER PEOPLE. 

Loyalty to our Boards and Literature. 

Elements of a Successful Missionary Society. 

America as a Factor in the Conversion of the World. 

Lessons Learned from '92. 

Special Work for '93. 

Unoccupied Fields. 

What Do We Lack ? 



SUBJECTS FOR BANDS. 

Special Work for '93. (See Children's Work for 
Children, July, also Reports of Occidental 
Board.) 

Apostolic Christian Endeavor. 

The Five Fingers of the Missionary Hand. (This 
might be given to five, one taking Medical Mis- 
sions, another Educational, etc.) 

The Carey Centennial. 

Child Life in Heathen Lands. 



THE TORONTO WOMEN'S FOREIGN MISSION MEETING. 



This meeting held at Toronto at the 
time the Pan-Presbyterian Council met, 
was of such deep and stirring interest 
that mention of it in Woman's Work will 
not, we trust, be out of place although 
necessarily a little tardy. 

The meeting was organized by the 
"Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of 
the Presbyterian Church in Canada " 



(Western Division). Delegates were 
cordially invited from all sister societies 
of the Presbyterian Church. A courteous, 
elegant and warm-hearted hospitality 
welcomed them. A careful programme 
for the meetings had been arranged and 
Mrs. Ewart, the revered president of the 
Canada society, presided with gentle 
dignity. Missionary women from differ- 



34© TORONTO WOMEN'S FOREIGN MISSION MEETING. [December, 



ent parts of India, from Africa, the New 
Hebrides and Syria took part in the exer- 
cises, and told to sympathetic hearts the 
ever pitiful story of woman's woe and 
need where Christianity does not exert 
controlling power. Much information was 
given by delegates from societies in Great 
Britain and the United States. Miss Dav- 
idson of Edinburgh described the work- 
ings of the Training School for Christian 
Workers with which she is connected. 

Good reports were read indicating 
marked progress in the efficiency of 
societies at home, so essential to the sus- 
tenance and development of the work 
abroad. There are over twenty such 
Women's Societies connected with the 
Presbyterian Church. That of Canada 
(Western Division) has an honorable 
record. Organized in 1872 and encount- 
ering peculiar difficulties, it has, still, 
never taken a step backward. Without 
the incentive which "Special Objects" 
are supposed to give, it has reached a mem- 
bership of 17,000, and its contributions 
were, the past year, $39,000. Some of us 
know well what an intelligent and devoted 
band of sister workers we have, just over 
our northern line. Their sympathy with 
us is strong and many generous words 
were said both by them and by those 
from Great Britain in reference to sug- 
gestions and help received from older 
societies in the United States. One 
Canadian lady of high intelligence and 
position spoke of her enjoyment of our 
Woman s Work, The Church at Home and 
Abroad, and The Missionary Review of the 
World, and added, " I know the names of 
your missionaries almost as well as I do 
those of our own." 

Mrs. Cunningham, a Vice-President of 
the Philadelphia Society, interested all as 
she told of the infant days of that society 
which now embraces one hundred Pres- 
byterial organizations. 

The enthusiasm of the very large 
audiences did not wane during three pro- 
tracted sessions. 

Mrs. Laws of Livingstonia, Africa, said, 
as she stepped forward on the platform 
and met the gaze of the throng of eager 
and sympathetic faces : " My friends, not 
since I had the African fever have my 
limbs trembled as they have here. You 



ask us for pictures to make real to you 
the scenes about us. / shall take this 
picture back with me to Africa and there it 
will inspire me as I remember this day." 

At the concluding session Mrs. Blaikie 
of Edinburgh made the suggestion that 
an International Woman's Foreign Mission 
Society should be formed, and hold meet- 
ings regularly in connection with the 
Pan-Presbyterian Councils. The plan 
was to appoint a President and General 
Secretary and that each Woman's Board 
should choose, besides, a Secretary of its 
own, who should act as a medium of 
communication with the General Secre- 
tary, and that these, together with the 
President, should form a Committee of 
Arrangements for the meetings to be held 
once in four years ; also to arrange for 
an interchange of magazines published by 
the various Women's Societies, in order 
to a friendly intercourse and knowledge 
of each other's work. These proposals 
were warmly received and Mrs. Blaikie 
was chosen President and Mrs. Mathews 
of London, General Secretary. The 
appointment of Secretaries by each of the 
Woman's Boards is now invited. It shall 
be their province to communicate with 
Mrs. Mathews in order to effect an ex- 
change of literature. 

Mrs. Blaikie's kind, motherly face, lov- 
ing spirit and pleasant Scotch accent 
elicited an intent and sympathetic hearing. 
Just before the close of the meetings 
which had been so inspiring, she addressed 
all in words of gentle counsel and encour- 
agement. Her theme was " Behold, I 
will make all things new." After dwell- 
ing upon the glorious " renewal " for 
which we are all laboring, she reminded 
us in referring to the obstacles we meet, 
who it is that is working with us. " Be- 
hold, / will make all things new." So, 
with this assurance of Divine strength 
and co-operation, we bowed in prayer and 
sang our parting song, " God be with you 
till we meet again." Then followed affec- 
tionate good-byes between those who a 
few days before had never met and who 
now are parted by leagues of land and 
sea, but are carrying the memory of 
Christian fellowship which will find its 
renewal and perfection " farther on." 

Mary Pinneo Dennis. 



The Presbyterial President of Dayton, Ohio, sent out a circular letter recom- 
mending the " Passover Offerings," suggested some time ago, and that the meeting 
during the Week of Prayer in January would be a favorable occasion for presenting 
them. 



I8 9 2.] 



CHEMICAL RAYS. 



Peter held the notion that because he 
was a Jew he ought not to come unto 
one of another nation to bind up his 
heart-wounds, even if he saw him naked 
and half dead. The very heavens must 
open and three times bring to earth a 
proof, before doubting Peter understood 
the full meaning of the words, "Go 
ye, and preach the gospel to every 
creature, and call no man for whom I 
bled on Calvary either common or un- 
clean." 

© © © 

Whatever notion Dives may have had 
this side the grave as to the value of 
Foreign Missions, he awoke in eternity to 
plead that a missionary might be sent the 
long journey from heaven to earth, that 
his brethren might repent. 

© © © 

" I do not believe in Foreign Missions," 
said a young woman, three years ago, at 
the home where I was entertained during 
the meeting of the Woman's Board,- in 
the West. I had made a long pilgrimage 
to keep that yearly feast. There were 
men and women there from Africa, Syria, 
Siam, India, Japan, China, — men and 
women who had hazarded their lives for 
the name of our Lord Jesus — but here 
was a cultured woman, in every other way 
abreast of the times, who did not attend 
one session of that glorious meeting, and 



cherished the notion that the money 
expended on foreign missions was wasted. 
© © © 

"To what purpose is this waste "? ex- 
claimed the disciples of Jesus, as the 
odour of Mary's ointment filled the house. 
" Why was it not sold and given to the 
poor " ? asked he who should betray his 
Lord for thirty pieces of silver. No 
doubt there was the same indignant 
protest against waste of nails, gopher- 
wood, and pitch, when Noah fashioned 
the ark three stories high, as God com- 
manded him. 

Strange that we do not exclaim "Why 
this waste ! " when we consider what 
God's kindness has lavished upon this 
world. There might have been the 
heart's unrest, but no peace, except such 
as the world could give. There might 
have been the story of the Prodigal Son, 
feeling he had sinned against his father's 
love, but no kiss of forgiveness to efface 
his unworthy past. There might have 
been the sheep-fold, but no door by 
which to enter ; many mansions in the 
Father's house, but no one to tell us so, 
or prepare a place for us. There might 
have been the Great Adversary of our 
souls, but no angel with the key to the 
bottomless pit. There might have been 
the wrath of the Lamb, but no Lamb's Book 
of Life! 

Laura M. Gcmmill. 



SENSIBLE INSTRUCTIONS TO YOUNG MISSIONARIES. 



The instructions which are given to 
outgoing missionaries by our English and 
Scotch brethren are apt to be more 
pointed and definite, on public occasions, 
than is common in this country. The 
following passages may be taken as an 
illustration. They constitute a part of 
the instructions read at a Valedictory 
Meeting of the Church of England Ze- 
nana Society, and are quoted from Lndia's 
Women : 

" You, Miss Iliff, are sent in response to Miss 
West's earnest appeal for a helper in the important 
and responsible work of the Industrial School at 
Clarkabad. You will work under her direction, and 
lighten her burden by taking charge of the children 
who require nursing and attention, and above all you 
will second her efforts for the spiritual good and 
Christian training of the children under her charge." 

"You, Miss Derry, are going to devote vour ex- 
perience gained in nursing to the service of Christ 
for the Chinese women in the Hospital at Foo-chow. 
You will work under the direction of the medical 



man in charge of the Hospital, who will welcome 
you as a helper in the Master's name." 

After addressing about twenty individ- 
ual missionaries in the same personal 
manner, the director continued : 

"A few words to all may supplement 
the special instructions to each : — 

" It is hardly necessary to urge upon 
you the obvious importance of giving, in 
the first instance, all faithful diligence to 
the study of the language. Do not allow 
yourselves to be entangled in any work, 
however tempting, which may divert you 
from obtaining as soon as possible, this 
essential equipment for effective service, 
in gaining access to the hearts of those 
whom you would win for Christ. 

" At the same time, let your zeal for 
work and your devotion to study be tem- 
pered with discretion. While ready to 
endure hardness as good soldiers of Jesus 



342 



BOOKS RECEIVED.— SINCE LAST MONTH. 



[December, 



Christ, allow yourselves to be guided by 
the experience of older missionaries in 
such matters as attention to diet and 
avoiding exposure to the heat. Neglect 
of bodily health may have a show of wis- 
dom and the appearance of self-denial, 
but real unselfishness lies in a prudent 
economy of strength and in avoiding that 



overstrain which under the conditions of a 
tropical climate, even more than at home, 
produces a morbid sensitiveness fatal 
alike to the liberty of Christian service 
and to harmony among Christian workers. 

" Let our last word to you be this : 
'Be strong in the grace that is in Christ 
Jesus.' " 



BOOKS RECEIVED. 



Three reprints of new books from Fleming II. 
Revell Company, New York and Chicago : 

James Gilmour of Mongolia. His Diaries, Letters 
and Reports. Edited and arranged by Richard 
Lovett, M.A. 336 pages. Price, $1.75. 

This may stand with the best missionary bio- 
graphies. James Gilmour was a remarkable man, 
one of those indomitable Scotchmen who develop 
nowhere to greater advantage than in a tough mis- 
sion field. He died at Tientsin, China, May 1891, 
after twenty-two years of extraordinary hardship 
and devotion to win Mongolia to Christ. He repre- 
sented the London Missionary Society. His graphic 
book Among the Mongols, shows the quality of his 
mind, but his heart is revealed in the letters of this 
volume. For pathos we commend the account (pp. 
162, 163) of the first Mongol's confession of Christ 
in a smoke-filled room. There is great spiritual in- 
spiration in this biography. 

The Story of Uganda and the Victoria Nyanga 
Mission. By Sarah Geraldina Stock. 223 
pages. $1.25. 

This must not be confounded with the Life of 
Mackay. Our hero comes up here, necessarily, 



again and again, but the author has done well to 
present a harmonious, comprehensive history of the 
whole mission, in which each of many brave workers 
stands in his rightful place, and fourteen of whom 
(up to May 1S91,) had died for East Africa. For 
ourselves there is endless fascination in the story of 
this mission. 

The Ainu of Japan. By the Rev. John Batch- 
ELOR, C. M. S. Missionary. 336 pages. Price, 
$1.50. 

The author lived for more than eight years in 
intimate association with the aborigines of the 
northernmost island of Japan, and sets forth, with- 
out literary adornment, plain facts upon such topics 
as clothing, furniture, education, bear-hunting, death, 
Ainu heroes, etc. 

Memorials of Sarah Childress Polk, wife of the 
eleventh president of the United States. By Anson 
and Fanny Nelson. (Anson D. F. Randolph & 
Co.) Price, $1.75. An interesting book to Ameri- 
can women, but bears no relation to missions and 
does not, therefore, fall within the scope of these 
" Notices." 



SINCE LAST MONTH. 

Arrivals. 

September 26. — At New York, Rev. Howard Fisher from North India. Address, Hanover, Ind. 

Departures. 

October 15. — From New York, Rev. William K. Eddy, Mrs. Eddy and three children, returning to 

Sidon, Syria, and Miss Julia Eddy, returning to her parents in Beirut. 

Rev. John N. Forman, Mrs. Forman and child, returning to Futtehgurh, North India. 

Miss S. M. Wherry, returning to North India, and Miss Emma Morris, to join the mission. 

Dr. Emma L. Templin, to take charge of the hospital at Allahabad. 

Rev. John N. Hyde, to North India. 
October 20. — From New York, Dr. George W. Holmes, formerly of Tabriz, Persia, going to 

Hamadan with Mrs. Holmes and two children. 

Miss Cora Bartlett and Miss Annie Gray Dale, returning to Teheran, Persia, with Miss Mary 
Clark, formerly of Tabriz. 

October 20, about. — From Ann Arbor, Mich., Rev. C. S. Williams, for San Luis Potosi, Mexico. 
From Springfield, 111., Miss Edna Johnson, for Saltillo, Mexico. 

October 22. — From New York, Rev. C. A. R. Janvier, Mrs. Janvier and child, returning to Futteh- 
gurh, India, and Miss Emily Forman, who joins the mission, to be for the present with her 
father in Lahore. 

October 26. — From New York, Samuel Jessup, D.D., and Mrs. Jessup, returning to Beirut, Syria. 

Miss Ellen M. Law, appointed to the Seminary in Beirut. 
October 28. — From New York, Miss Martha B. Hunter, of Greensboro', Pa., for Bogota, Colombia. 
November 2. — From New York, Rev. L. B. Tedford, returning to South India. 
November 9.— From New York, for Persia : Rev. William A. Shedd, having completed his studies 

at Princeton, to Oroomiah ; Miss Mary Jewett, returning to Tabriz. 

Rev. J. N. Wright, returning to Salmas, accompanied by Mrs. Wright and two children. 
Miss Jennie McLean, to join the West Persia Mission at Salmas. 
November 10. — From New York, Rev. W. A. Waddell, returning to Brazil, after a few weeks' 
absence. 

Marriage. 

August 11. — At Bogota, Colombia, Miss Elizabeth Cahill, who joined the mission in 1S90, to 
Robert W. Fenn. Address, Honda, Colombia. As the marriage ceremony performed by a 
Protestant has no legal weight in Colombia their civil marriage had already taken place in July. 



I8 9 2.] 



To the A 

[For address of each headquarters and 

From Philadelphia. 

Send all letters to 1334 Chestnut Street. 

Directors' Meeting first Tuesday of the month, 
at 11.30 a.m., and prayer-meeting third 
Tuesday, at 12 M., in the Assembly Room. 
Visitors welcome. 

We were very happy to have a parting visit 
from Miss S. M. Wherry a few days before 
she sailed for India. Airs. C. A. R. Janvier 
also made us glad by looking in upon us as she 
passed through Philadelphia. 

Miss Mary A. Snodgrass, of Delaware, 
Ohio, is appointed to the Girls' School at Tung 
Chow, China, for which we have so long been 
seeking helpers. She will sail this Autumn 
with a party of returning missionaries. 

Dr. Emma L. Templin, whose appointment 
to Allahabad, India, was mentioned in our notes 
for June last, has lately sailed, as will be seen 
from the list of " Departures " given this month. 
Of the party with her was also Miss Emma 
Morris, of Perth Amboy, N. J., going to Khanna, 
India. 

The hymn by Mrs. Herrick Johnson, with 
music, as found in Children s Work, December, 
1890, has been reprinted on single sheets and 
will be found helpful in making up a programme 
for Band meetings. Price, 6 cents per dozen, 
50 cents per hundred. 

One more reminder of the Book of Exercises 
in preparation. If Band leaders who have noth- 
ing original to offer would look over their scrap 
books and copy selections that they have found 
useful, or would tell us where to find them, it 
would be very helpful. 

A copied letter may be had from Miss 
Brown, of Syria. 

From Chicago. 

Meetings at Room 48, McCormick Block, every 
Friday at 10 A.M. Visitors welcome. 

Of all the inspiring words heard at the 
nation's celebration of the four hundredth anni- 
versary of America's discovery, whose music, 
multitudes and banners have made Chicago 
joyous as old Jerusalem was in this month of 
convocations, none sounded out the truth more 
clearly than this : " The Cross on Calvary was 
hope ; the cross raised on San Salvador was 
opportunity. But for the first, Columbus would 
never have sailed ; but for the second, there 
would have been no place for the planting, the 
nurture and expansion of civil and religious 
liberty." 

Among those who, " buying up the oppor- 
tunity." have this month left father and mother 
for Christ's sake and the gospel's, and whose 



lists of officers see third page of cover.] 

peace has rested upon Room 48, was Rev. John 
N. Hyde, on his way to Lodiana. His father is 
pastor of the church at Carthage, 111., and his 
mother has long been one of our most faithful 
fellow-workers. 

Among those whose recent presence, a golden 
link, has bound this place still closer to the far- 
away field, have been Miss Mary E. Pratt, 
whose name cannot be severed from that of 
India; Mrs. Mary P. Ford and Miss Rebecca 
McC. Brown, of Sidon, Syria. Mrs. Ford, a 
missionary herself, and mother of missionaries, 
has sons on three continents. 

Rev. D. N. Lyon of China, Miss Mary K. 
Hesser of Japan and Mrs. H. G. Underwood of 
Korea, have this month spoken such words as 
must make the people of Soochow, Kanazawa 
and Seoul dearer to us henceforth ; and Madame 
Hyacinthe-Loyson's brief, but thrilling address 
was like a trumpet call. 

Indiana women held their tenth synodical 
meeting of Home and Foreign Missions at New 
Albany, October 25 and 27, with an attendance 
of a hundred delegates, — gracious hospitality, 
intelligent enthusiasm, a spiritual atmosphere 
through all its three clays' sessions. 

It might be characterized as a meeting of 
"first times." The first time all the Pretby- 
terial presidents were present, and nearly every 
Presbyterial officer. The first time of an all 
day business conference of Synodical and Pres- 
byterial officers, preceding regular sessions. 
And the first time of a distinctively Christian 
Endeavor evening, presided over by the State 
Secretary, and addressed upon " World-wide 
Endeavor " by Mr. S. L. Mershon. The first 
time of appointment of a Missionary C. E. 
Secretary as regular Synodical officer to cor- 
respond with C. E. societies, and assist them to 
definite missionary activity. First time all 
Synodical pledges could be reported redeemed, 
and several hundreds of dollars over, with 
increase on all other lines. First time of a 
three days' meeting instead of two, with no 
diminution of interest or attendance to the last. 
And the first time our society has been per- 
mitted to be the agent in transmitting to our 
Board of the Northwest a gift of $5,000 for 
Foreign Missions, presented at this meeting by 
Mrs.W. S. Culbertson of New Albany, so carrying 
out a provision in her husband's will. Excellent 
speakers were present with us, Misses Johnson 
of Japan, and Carey of Persia, and Dr. Haworth 
of Japan ; but best of all, " all and in all," the 
still small voice of the Spirit speaking in every 
heart made the meeting a blessed one to all 
present. Now look we for the fruitage. 

D.B. w. 

The laborers falter and fall, but the work 
goes on. Kalamazoo Presbyterial Society has 
sustained a great loss in the death of Mrs. S. F. 
Bacon, wife of the pastor at Richland. 



344 



TO THE AUXILIARIES. 



[December, 



Strong in intellect, with firm convictions of 
duty, with ready speech and facile pen, Mrs. 
Bacon was well fitted to be an inspirer and 
guide. For three years she was president of 
the society, and we only consented, last April, 
to do without her, because she was unable to 
carry the burden. 

Mrs. Bacon accompanied her husband to 
Portland last May, and we were expecting an 
enthusiastic account of the meetings at our 
recent synodical gathering in Cadillac. But 
before her pen had indited the story, the hand 
was cold and the voice was stilled. 

God can do without the ablest and best as 
well as the weakest and feeblest of us. His 
resources are inexhaustible. Let us stay our 
souls on this assurance, when we fail to see 
where they are who shall fill our broken ranks. 

/. F. M. 

Will the treasurers of every one of our 
societies of the W. P. B. M. N. W. please send 
for a copy of our new Membership Pledge, and 
ask their societies to immediately order some of 
them for distribution ? We are confident they 
will prove a means of greatly increasing, the 
contributions. They will be sent free, except 
postage, from Room 48, McCormick Block, 
Chicago. 

From New York. 

Prayer-meeting at 53 Fifth Ave. the first 
Wednesday of each month at 10.30 a.m. 
Each other Wednesday there is a half-hour 
meeting for prayer and the reading of mis- 
sionary letters, commencing at the same 
hour. 

The annual meeting of the Woman's Foreign 
Society of Utica Presbytery was held at Utica 
on October 13. It was a bright and earnest 
meeting. One of its peculiar characteristics 
was a series of five-minute papers on a great 
variety of missionary topics. All who were 
asked to render this service complied with the 
request; " no refusals" seems to be the rule in 
this society and the result was most interesting. 

The reports were encouraging and a disposi- 
tion to make special efforts for enlarging the 
membership of the society was manifest. 

The Boys' Missionary Society of University 
Place Church, New York City, has honored 
itself and given valuable aid to missions by a 
piece of manly enterprise which they lately 
carried through. They engaged Dr. John Paton 
of the New Hebrides to speak in the church and 
gave out a general invitation for the evening. 
The older boys acted as ushers and received the 
collection, amounting to $143.91. Of this sum 
$50 was contributed to Dr. Paton's work ; the 
remainder is to be appropriated to foreign mis- 
sions under the care of our Church — not to 
meet the regular pledges of the boys' society but 
as an extra gift. In his delightful address, Dr. 
Paton never once forgot the boys of the society 
who were seated together, below the pulpit. 
In fact he seemed to love to turn from recollec- 



tions of cannibals to directly address them, 
His winning presence, his snowy hair, his zeal 
for the heathen, they will never forget, and it 
will be a natural sequence if some of those boys 
imitate the lad Dr. Paton told them of, and put 
themselves into the plate of offerings, one of 
these days. 

We shall have in a few days, a new pro- 
gramme and leaflet, for Praise Meetings held by 
our auxiliary societies. Copies may be had by 
sending to Women's Board, 53 Fifth Ave., 
New York. Price, programme, 2 cts. each, 15 
cts. per doz.; leaflet, 1 ct. each, 10 cts. per doz. 

We have heard how the Secretary for Young 
People's Societies in one Presbytery of New 
York State honors her office : " I am hoping to 
visit all my Bands this year — have made a 
beginning, and find it delightful. When I was 
a Band leader, I found the children were greatly 
interested in their Presbyterial Secretary and 
an Annual Report can be so much more help- 
ful if one can write of Bands whom she knows 
as living children, than if confined to reported 
facts. So I am trying to become acquainted 
and to let the Bands know me." 

From Northern New York. 

As the Societies and Bands know, we have a 
contingent fund, from which all the expenses of 
the Society are met, such as the printing of 
reports, leaflets, and the paying of speakers, etc. 
All the Auxiliaries and Bands share equally in 
the benefits of this fund, but all do not contri- 
bute to it, but have so far been content to have 
a few pay for the privileges in which they share. 
At the meeting held in Albany, October 18, after 
a very full discussion, it was voted that " the 
Treasurers, in view of the necessities of the 
contingent fund, be authorized to apportion the 
amount needed and see that it was collected." 
It is hoped that this apportionment will be 
promptly and cheerfully paid. 

Another matter which we specially desired 
to call attention to, is the need of an increase 
of ten per cent, in our contributions, This is the 
increase called for by the Board, from the 
Women's Societies, and at the meeting in Albany 
it was voted to raise it. If we are to redeem this 
pledge in April, now is the time to do it, not 
wait until three weeks before the books close. 
Every Auxiliary and Band should have a part in 
this increase. 

The new work for the year, which has been 
assigned to us, will be found, we think, to con- 
tain objects that will prove very attractive to 
Bands. Information in regard to new work can 
be obtained from Mrs. Heber Dunham, Glen 
Avenue, Troy, N. Y. 

Many subscriptions to the Magazines expire 
with this month, and we would urge all to renew 
promptly, and to put in practice the suggestion 
given at the Annual Meeting, that with our own, 
we send the name of some one to whom we 
desire to have our Magazine sent. In this way, 
we may be able to enlist some for the work, 



1892.] 



TO THE AUXILIARIES. 



345 



who are now indifferent to the great claim of 
Foreign Missions. 

At our Albany meeting we had the pleasure 
of having Miss Dale with us, and as a result of 
her visit our interest has been stimulated anew 
in the school at Teheran. We regret that any 
Society or Band could not have heard her 
interesting account of the girls. This will always 
be a memorable meeting, as we had the rare 
privilege of having Dr. J. G. Paton of the New 
Hebrides with us. and the message that he 
brought us cannot fail to have a quickening 
influence on our work. 

From St. Louis. 

Meetings at 1 107 Olive Street, first and third 
Tuesdays of every month. Visitors are wel- 
come. Leaflets and missionary literature 
obtained by sending to 1107 Olive Street. 

The Missouri Synodical Meeting will long be 
remembered by all who were privileged to be 
present. Mr. Robert Speer's address set the 
pulses throbbing; Mrs. Condict's talk" The Holy 
Spirit the Spirit of Missions " warmed our hearts 
to a new glow of love and desire. " This is 
Bethel " was the oft-repeated comment during 
the closing session. May the power of the 
Holy Spirit, so poured out on this occasion, 
abide with us all, and lead us out into holier 
living, higher efforts for the cause of missions. 
The officers of the Synodical Society for Foreign 
Missions remain those "skilled workmen," Mrs. 
Mayon, President, Mrs. S. Knight, Secretary. 

Will all correspondents in Kansas and Texas 
hereafter address Mrs. J. A. Allen as their sec- 
retary ? And Missouri and Indian Territory 
have Miss Fenby as theirs. Mrs. G. E. Martin 
is now the Special Committee for Missionary 
Speakers. Correspondents will please address 
Mrs. Martin when wishing to secure a speaker 
for any missionary occasion. 

There are nearly 200 shares, $25 each, as yet 
untaken in the Boys' School, Teheran. Will 
not Christian Endeavor Societies and Sabbath- 
schools make an effort to take some of these 
shares? This school is ours — our Miss Clarke is 
to be matron and teacher in it. Let us make it 
a vivid reality, to be supported, and prayed for. 

The Treasurer requests that, where practic- 
able, money be sent in quarterly remittances, 
thus avoiding the heavy work of the closing 
months of the year, and also enabling us to 
know how much advance we are making. For 
OF COURSE we are not retrograding. 

We regret that Miss Cole has been detained in 
Japan by very serious illness, and that some 
weeks yet must elapse before she will be strong 
enough to go on to her beloved Wang Lang 
in Bangkok. 

Copies of recent letters from Mrs. Chalfant, 
Miss Geisinger, Miss McGuire, will be sent upon 
receipt of postage. 

" We all, men, women, ministers, laymen, need 



an outpouring of the Holy Spirit. You women 
ought to arrange for missionary conventions, 
in different localities, come together, study the 
Word of God, pray for the Holy Spirit. Work 
would be pleasure, burdens resolved into bless- 
ings. We forget who is the true Guide and 
Leader in all our work." Such is the advice of 
one distinguished for his knowledge of the Bible, 
and for his gentle spirit. Can we have such 
meetings, and have them soon ? 



New Leaflets. PRIC e 

PER DOZ. 

A Little Heart and How it Grew 10 

Concerning Women's Missionary Societies 30 

Refusals 10 

Our Auxiliaries (by Mrs. Condict) 20 

Mrs. Stanton's Thank-Offerings 10 

The Gospel in Deed 10 

Maharani, the Hindu Child-Wife 10 

Foreign Missionary Lesson (for Children) 10 

Manual of Prayer 5 cts. each. 



From San Francisco. 

Board Meeting, first Monday of each month, 
at 933 Sacramento Street ; business meet- 
ing at 10.30 a.m. ; afternoon meeting and 
exercises by Chinese girls in the Home at 
2 P.M. Visitors welcome. 

Our Chinese Kindergarten at Los Angeles 
has been enlarged. For some time past the 
schoolroom has been too small, as attendance 
has doubled during the last year. So, while the 
children were given a short vacation, the Los 
Angeles ladies had the partition removed, a new 
floor laid, walls papered, inexpensive curtains 
hung at the windows and doors, and everything 
made ready for re-opening the school on a more 
comfortable basis. When the day came how 
bright and happy the children looked dressed in 
their gay colored costumes, how well they went 
through their exercises to the delight of all the 
visitors both Chinese and American. Some of 
the poor slave women looked almost beautiful 
that day, their stolid expression almost gone. 
Time would fail me to tell of the dainty refresh- 
ments prepared by the Presbyterial ladies, or of 
the beautiful flowers given the Chinese women 
and children. We are sure the workers felt 
well rewarded for all their labor of love. 

An interesting report has come from Monte- 
cito of the organization of the new auxiliary 
there. Mrs. Hall, President of the Church Aid 
Society, invited the ladies to meet with her. A 
delicious luncheon was served. They were ad- 
dressed by Mrs. Loomis and Mrs. Elderkin. 
Result, — a flourishing auxiliary with eighteen 
members. 

From the little town of Haywards, near Oak- 
land, comes another encouraging report. A few 
ladies there had become interested in foreign 
missions and asked an officer of the Board if 
she would address their church people and 
organize a woman's society. These six or 
seven interested ladies had planned for a large 
meeting and had talked of ways in which their 
money could be raised. Some had suggested 
selling vegetables. The day of the meeting 
was ushered in by a terrific storm ; rain, hail, 



346 



NEW AUXILIARIES.— TREASURERS' REPORTS. [December, 



thunder and lightning coming almost together. 
But before the day was over an auxiliary with 
fourteen members was organized. Let the older 
ones rememby these new societies. 

And how did these six or seven ladies at 
Haywards become interested in foreign miss- 
ions ? Because the ladies of the little Union 
Church in San Lorenzo gave a missionary tea 
a few weeks ago and invited their friends from 
surrounding towns to come and hear the miss- 
ionaries who were to address them. These six 
or seven ladies from Haywards went to the tea, 
they listened to the addresses, they were deeply 
interested and decided to have a society as soon 
as possible. 

Since that tea the little Union Church at San 
Lorenzo has sent fifteen dollars for the New 
Girls' Home in San Francisco, and now the 
ladies of another town, near by, are talking of 
forming a society. Cannot more of our auxili- 



aries in the country give missionary teas and 
invite the ladies from neighboring towns ? 

Los Angeles Presbytery will probably be the 
home of our beloved Dr. and Mrs. J. C. Hepburn 
during this winter. May the bright skies and 
warm air of Southern California bring health and 
strength to these honored workers. 

OUR President, Mrs. P. D. Browne and Mrs. 
I. M. Condit, the State Presbyterial Secretary, 
have visited several of the auxiliaries in the 
central part of the State. They took part in the 
Stockton Presbyterial meeting, and then went 
on to the Synod ical meeting at Fresno, after 
addressing which, and reading the semi-annual 
report, they left Fresno for Los Angeles Pres- 
bytery. We feel sure the workers there will 
gladly welcome these officers of the Board, and 
they will be greatly encouraged by seeing the 
work in this prosperous Presbyterial Society. 



NEW AUXILIARIES AND BANDS. 



MINNESOTA, 

Argyle. 

NEBRASKA. 

Belmont. 

Marsland, Union Circle, King's 

Daughters. 
Pender, Willing Workers. 
South Omaha, ist. 

" " Little Chip-pickers. 
Wakefield. 



NEW JERSEY. 

Bound Brook, Band. 

Garfield, Junior C. E. 

New Brunswick, istCh. Junior C.E. 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

Dunlap's Creek, Little Helpers. 
Harper, Memorial. 
Mt. Pleasant. 

Murraysville, Jessie Porter Bd. 



Newton, Hamilton, Cheerful Work- 
ers. 

Philadelphia, Bethany Church, Jun- 
ior C. E. 

Philadelphia, Oxford Church, Jun- 
ior C. E. 
South Easton, Junior C. E. 

TENNESSEE. 

Huntsville. 



Receipts of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of the Presbyterian Church from 

October i, 1892. 



[presbyteries in 
Butler. — Butler, 45.80; Grove City, 24, Always Ready 
Bd., Little Austin, dec'd, 7; Martinsburg, 5; Muddy 
Creek, Morning Star Bd., 2; N. Liberty, 16.05; Plain 
Grove, 9, Cheerful Workers, 4 ; West Sunbury, 14, 126.85 
Carlisle. — Carlisle, ist, 12, S.S., 13; Carlisle, 2d, 24, Y. 
L.B., 14.50; Dillsburg, 8.50; Gettysburg, 8; Harrisburg, 
Market Sq., 01.50, S.S., sen. dept., 59.16 ; Mechanicsburg, 
30, Birthday Bd., 9.56; Mercersburg, 6, Y.L.B., 11; Ship- 
pensburg. 70.59 ; Upper Path Valley, 3.83, 361.64 
Chillicothe. — Bloomingburg, 6 ; Bourneville, 4; Chil- 
licothe. ist, 13.60; Chillicothe, 3d, 5.91; Concord, 6; 
Frankfort, 10; Greenfield, 10.23, Snowballs, 2.88; Hills- 
boro', 25, Sycamore Val. Br., 3.75; Mt. Pleasant, 5; North 
Fork, 0.72, Cheerful Givers, 5 ; Pisgah, 7.50; Union, 1.95; 
Washington C. H., 16; Wilkesville, 6; Wilmington, 7.75, 

146.29 

Cleveland. — Ashtabula, 25.25; Cleveland, ist, 61.00; 
2d. 314; Calvary, primary cl., o.4_o;_ North, 16, Mrs. W. W. 



5.C.E., 5; Painesville, Lake 

476.5s 

Dunellen, 25 j Elizabeth, 
a lady, 20; Marshall St., 



Worswick, 25 ; Wilson Ave., 
Erie Sem., 20, 

Elizabeth. — Clinton, 13.51 ; 
Ass'n, 125; Westminster Ch., 

Cheerful Givers, 50, Y.P.S., 7.50; Mefuchen, Little Glean- 
ers, 33.09; Perth Amboy, 16; Plainfield, ass'n, 156.73 ; ist 
Ch., S.S., 25; Roselle, 20.86 ; Springfield, 27, inf. cl., 8, 

53°- 57 

Hoi.ston.— Greenville, 30; Jonesboro , 12.65 ; Mt- Bethel, 
18, Cheerful Givers, 7; Salem, 5.50, Y.L.C., 4.17, King's 
Children, 1.21 ; Timber Ridge, 1, 79 53 

Monmouth. — Beverly, 23; Burlington (East), S.S., 26; 
Englishtown, Ogden Bd., 10.40; Jacksonville. 10; Mata- 
wan, D. Holbrook Bd., 40; Mt. Holly, 1; Perrineville, 
13.30; Riverton, Earnest Workers, 20; Tennent, 17.43; 
Shrewsbury, Eatontown Bd., 25 ; West Palmyra, S.S., 4, 

190.13 

Morris and Orange.— Mt. Olive, Willing Workers, 10.00 
Newark. — Montclair, Trinity, 100.00 
New Brunswick. — Amwell, ist, 28; Amwell, 2d, 16.50; 
Bound Brook, Bd., 7; Flemington, 34.30, Gleaners, no, 
Mrs. E. B. V. F., 50; Lambertville, 106.89; Milford, 30; 
Pennington, Anna Foster Bd., 21 ; Trenton, 4th, Emily 
Bd., 10; Trenton, Prospect St., 30, 443.69 
New Castle. — Buckingham, 4.83: Chesapeake City, 
What-we-can Bd., 5; Dover, 25; Elkton, 12, King's Jew- 
els, 41.^8; Federalsburg, 3.50; Forest, 23, Y.L.B., 20; 
Glasgow, 6.30; Head of Christiana, 8.50; Lewes, 16, 



SMALL CAPITALS.] 

Lighthouse Bd., 5; Manoken, 15: Newark, 12, Amaranth- 
ine Bd., 10; Port Deposit, 25; Pitts Creek, 20. Rosebud 
Bd., 4; Port Penn, 3: Rock, 4, Vivian Bd., 1.75; West 
Nottingham, 57.26; White Clay Creek, 8.50; Wicomico, 
10; Wilmington, ist, Y.L.B., 6.68; Hanover St., 26.74; 
Rodney St., 22; West, 28, Y.P.S., 7; Zion, 6.75, Happy 
Harvesters, 6, I-will-try Bd., 1.50, 445. 89 

Newton. — Andover, 3.75 ; Asbury, 5 ; Belvidere, ist, 40, 
Young Men's Bd., 6.34; Belvidere, 2d, 16.25; Blairstown, 
70.50, Boys' Brigade, 12; Greenwich, 3; Hackettstown, 
5.25 ; La Fayette, 4 ; Newton, inf. sch., 6; Oxford, ist, 19; 
Oxford, 2d, 12.41 ; Phillipsburg, ist, 25 ; Stewartsville, 
12.50. 241.00 

Philadelphia.— Memorial, 20; Olivet, primary cl., 20; 
Southwestern, John McLeod Bd., 30; Temple, 25, Grace 
Bd., 5; Mrs. E. L. Linnard, 100, 200.00 

Philadelphia, North.— Coll. Presb'l meeting, s/ecia/, 

213-49 

Portsmouth. — Ironton, 41.05; Jackson, 4; Manchester, 
10.30; Mt. Leigh, 5; Portsmouth, ist, 13.35; Portsmouth, 
2d, 36, 109.70 

Washington. — Claysville, 50 ; Cove, 11.75; Cross Creek, 
50; Lower Ten Mile, 25 : New Cumberland, 17.50 ; Upper 
Buffalo, 60, McMillan Bd., 40; Washington, ist, 76.35, 
Cornes Bd., 25, Mrs. W. H. Hamilton, th. off., 100; Wash- 
ington, 2d, 24.60; Wellsburg. Little Seeds, 30; West 
Alexander, 36, Hold-the-Fort Bd.,25; Wheeling, ist, 150, 
Cherith Bd., 20, 74120 

Washington City. — Hyattsville, 20, Mcllvaine Bd.. 10, 
S.C.E., 10; Washington, ist, 27.50, Young Woman's Bd., 
10; 4th Ch., 0.29; 6th, 15; Cheerful Givers, 5 ; Fifteenth 
St., 6; Assembly, 10; Covenant, 63.30, S.S., 49.33; East- 
ern, 5 ; Gunton Temple, S.S., 5 ; Gurley Mem., 31 ; Metro- 
politan, 55, Mateer Bd., 10; New York Ave., S.S., 100, 
Bethany Boys' Bd., 22.01, Faith Chapel, 15; Western, 
12. so; West St., 18 ; Westminster, 10, ;'<>.°2 

Wellsboro'. — Arnot, 5; Coudersport, 2.50; Elkland, 
9.30; Mansfield, 2.10 ; Osceola, 6.67 ; Tioga, 4.80. 30.37 

West Jersey. — Bridgeton, ist, 26.63; Cedarville, two 
churches, 15; May's Landing, O.P.J. Bd., 12, 53 63 

Westminster. — Chanreford, 68, Willing Workers, 10; 
Chestnut Level, 26; Columbia, 66: Little Britain, 25; 
Middle Octarara, 25: Pequea, 10: Union, -n: Wrights- 
ville, o; York. ist. S.S., 46.78: York, Westminster, 20; 
Pres. Soc, th. off., 274.75. coll., 9.03, 622.56 

Zanesville. — Brownsville, 11.65; Coshocton, 10; Dres- 



5892.] 



TREASURERS' REPORTS. 



347 



den, 15; Granville, 30; Homer, 10; Madison, 25; Mt. 
Pleasant, 3.15; Newark, 2d, 45; Pataskala, 29.50; Utica, 
3.85; Zanesville, ist, 10; Zanesville, Putnam, 11.01, Mrs. 
Potwin, 25, 229.16 
Miscellaneous. — Honeybrook, Pa., "Co-worker," 100; 
Kolhapur, India, Mrs. G. H. Ferris, 5; New York, Mrs. 
James Moses, 36; Shanghai, China, five children of Mrs. 



J. B. N. Smith, 10 ; interest on investments, 162.84, 3 J 3-84 

Total for October, 1892, $6,185.11 
Total since May 1, 1892, 24,621.68 

Mrs. Julia M. Fishburn, Treas., 
Nov. 10, 1892. 1334 Chestnut St., Philadelphia. 



Receipts of the Woman's Presbyterian Board of Missions of the Northwest to 

October 20, 1892. 



Aberdeen. — Aberdeen, 26 ; Groton, 15 ; Britton, 12, 

53.00 

Alton. — Alton, 6.30, S. S., 20 ; Brighton, 5 ; Carlyle, 
17.20; Carrollton, 19 ; Hillsboro, 7 ; Reno, 12.50; Sparta, 7, 
S.S., 25 (less Pres. ex., 3.55), H5-45 

Bellefontaine. — Belle Centre, 5.50; Bellefontaine, 5; 
Crestline, 3.60; Galion, 18.05, Mrs. E. C. Linsley, 1 ; Ken- 
ton, 32.19; Tiro, 4.20 ; Upper Sandusky, 3.40, Y.P.S., 9.10, 

152.04 

Bloomincton. — Bloomington, 2d, 140; Clinton, Willing 
Workers, 13 ; El Paso, 7 ; Heyworth, 10, Willing Workers, 
15; Minonk, 3.74, S.S.M.B., 3.02; Normal, 7.64; Onarga, 
Y.P.M.S., 10; Pontiac, 30; Rankin, 7.23 ; Rossville, 7, 

253-63 

Boulder. — Deer Lodge, Passover Fund, 5; Helena, 10.25, 

15-25 

Cedar Rapids. — Anamosa, 5.40; Blairstown, 10, Y.L.S., 
2.40, C.E., 8.30; Cedar Rapids, ist. Girls' Bd, 15; 2d, 30, 
King's Children, 5; Clinton, 46; Center Junction, 5.50; 
Clarence, 5.50; Lyons, 2.50, River Lights, 5.50; Linn 
Grove, 25 ; Mt. Vernon, Gleaners, 5 ; Onslow, 5 ; Scotch 
Grove, 10.61, S.S., 6.29 ; Springville, 5.25 ; Vinton, S.S., 30; 
Wyoming, 3.25, C.E., 15, S.S., 4.41, Mrs. Alex. Scott, 25, 

275-91 

Central Dakota.— Madison, Busy Bee Bd., 3.00 

Chicago. — Austin, Mary Holmes Soc, 10.09 ; Chicago, 
ist, S.S., 75, Railroad Chapel, Y.L.S., 6.25; 2d, n8, S.S., 
46, Children's Day off., 22 ; 3d, 475, In mem. of Mrs. G. W. 
Newcomb, 28.80, Boys' Bd., 15, Seed Sowers, 65 ; 4th, 16.76, 
Y.W.S., 56, C.E., 30, Do Tell Soc, 15.38; 5th, 14.65; 6th, 
76.10, C.E., 2, S.S., 40.90; 8th, 24; Ch. of the Covenant, 
14,01; Fullerton Ave. Ch., 40, C.E., 1.50; Jefferson Park 
Ch., 31.75; Coal City, New Hope Ch., 11 ; Evanston, 50; 
Du Page, 42; Hinsdale, 6.55; Joliet, ist, 35; Central Ch., 
131.60, S.S., 35,94 ; Homewood, In mem. of Mrs. A. R. Taft, 
35 ; Hyde Park, 86, Y.W.S., 20, Busy Bees, 25 ; Lake Foiw 
est, 244.36, Ferry Hall, 200, Y.P.S., 44.85, Steady Streams, 
10.51, Mrs. S. J. Rhea, Th. off. for life given and for life 
preserved, 35 ; Lake View, 18 ; Manteno, 42.25 ; Maywood, 
10 ; Peotone, 22.93, " That the angel of Death has passed 
us by," 5, S.S., 7.07 ; Oak Park, 25.68 ; River Forest, 24.29; 
Waukegan, 35.74; Wilmington, Passover gifts, 2; Presb'l 
off., 27.02, 2,457.07 

Chippewa. — Ashland, 13.13 ; Eau Claire, 10.50 ; Chippewa 
Falls, 6 ; Hudson, 2.82, " 32.45 

Ckawfordsville. — Delphi, 100.00 

Denver. — Denver, ist Ave. Ch., 11. 15; Central Ch., 
81.69 ; Highland Park Ch., 9 ; North Denver, 10.17 ! Little- 
ton, 10, 122.01 

Des Moines.— Adel, 10; Albia, 5, F. D., 18; Chariton, 
10; Dallas Center, 7.22; Des Moines, Central Ch., 37 50; 
Westminster Ch., 25 ; 6th Ch., 10; Grimes, 4.28, C.E., 2 
cts.; Indianola, 6.25 ; Leighton, 5 ; New Sharon, 5.15; Os- 
ceola, 4; Panora, 5 ; Russell, 8.75 ; Winterset, 10.30, 172.17 

Detroit.— Ann Arbor, 48.45 ; Birmingham, 3 Detroit, 
1st, 90, Richardson M.S., 25; Westminster Ch., 75; Me- 
morial Ch., 22.50; Trumbull Ave. Ch., 17.50; Thompson 
Ch., 50 cts.; Bethany Ch., 10.68 ; Ch. of the Covenant, 
Cheerful Laborers, 50 cts.; Forest Ave.Ch., 4 ; Central Ch., 
S.S., 3; Howell, 10; Inkster, Bd., 50 cts.; Milford, 50, 
Y.L.S., 7, Will Whipple Ministering League, 1.50; Mt. 
Clemens, 4.50; Northville, 14 ; Pontiac, 32.15, Y.L.S., 19.50; 
Southfield, 1 ; Stony Creek, Bd.,-2, S.S., 1 ; White Lake, ii ; 
Ypsilanti, 20, Y.P.M., 10, 484.28 

Dubuque.— Coggon, Busy Bees, 1 ; Independence, 2.25, 

3- 2 5 

Ft. Dodge.— Bancroft, 1.94, Mrs. D. Williams, In mem. 
T. Addison Williams, 5; Boone, 10, C.E., 18.92; Carroll, 
5.20; Dana, 8; Jefferson, 8, S.S., 15.45; Lohrville, 6.12; 
Laurens, 4; Lake City, 10, C E., 10; Livermore, 10.09; 
Plover, 01 cts.; Rockwell City, 1.65, 115.28 

Ft. Wayne. — Auburn, 5; Ft. Wayne, ist, 10.25, S.S., 
42.55, Mrs. D. B. Wells' CI., 18; 3d, Bd., 25; Lima, 2.31 ; 
Waterloo, 1.81, 104.92 

Freeport. — Belvidere, 11.65 : Freeport, 2d, 25 ; Harvard, 
4.50; Marengo, 12; Middle Creek Ch., 76.35; Polo, Inde- 
pendent Ch., 8.75 ; Ridgefield, Willing Workers, 5; Rock- 
ford, Westminster Ch., 25, 168.25 

Hastings. — Holdrege, 4.45 ; Kenesaw, 12.50, 16.95 

Kalamazoo.— Edwardsburg, 5; Kalamazoo, 1st, S.S. cl., 
10 ; Niles, 8.30 ; Richland, 6.19 ; Sturgis, 9.50 ; Three Rivers. 
6 - 2 5, 45.24 

Kearney.— Kearney, 13.65 



Lima. — Lima, ist, 32.50, S.S., 25, 57.50 
Madison. — Lodi, 13.21 ; Madison, 30.09 ; Portage, 4.80, 

48.10 

Mattoon.— Ashmore, 18.75, Willing Workers, 3 ; Charles- 
ton, 4.15; Shelbyville, 30; Taylorville, 35.56; Vandaiia, 
12.50, 103.96 

Milwaukee. — Milwaukee, Calvary Ch., 770; Immanuel 
Ch., 60; Ottawa, 3.23, Bd., 19; Racine, Cheerful Givers, 
16.67, 868.90 

Montana. — Bozeman, S.S., 31.25; Deer Lodge, Passover 
Dollars, 5 ; Great Falls, 12.50 ; Helena, 15, 63.75 

Monroe.— Adrian, Y.L.S., 8 ; Erie, Pansy Bd., 7 ; Mon- 
ro, 23 ; Reading, 2.50; Tecumseh, Y.L.S., 30, Wide Awake 
Bd., 5.75, 76.25 

Muncte. — Anderson, 12.38 ; Jonesboro, S.S. , 4.81 ; Marion, 
10; New Hope, 4.20; Noblesville, 4.80 ; Peru, 12. oq ; Tip- 
ton, 5.50; Union City, 2.50 ; Wabash, 31.70, 87.98 

New Albany. — Bedford, 5; Charlestown, 9 ; Hanover, 
30.56, Light Bearers, 8.64; jeffersonville, 27.50; Madison, 
ist, 20, Y.L.B., 16.80; Mt. Vernon, 5; New Albany, ist, 
82.75, C.E., 10; 2d, 51.44, Mrs. Nunemacher, 20; 3d, 14.60: 
North Vernon, 2.50; Pleasant Township, 2; Sharon Hill, 
5 ; Vernon, q.25; Vevay, 2.13, 322.17 

Omaha.— Blair, 2.10; Craig, 2.53; Columbus, 1.86, Will- 
ing Workers, 10; Fremont, 25; Lyons, 8.15, Jr. C.E., 60 
cts.; Omaha, ist, Misses Fulton and Halle, 25; 2d, 5; 
Castellar St. Ch., 2.50; Knox Ch., 5.83 ; Westminster Ch., 
S.S. birthday box, 15 ; Schuyler, 1.50, io 5-°7 

Ottawa.— Mendota, 10.38; Paw Paw, 25; Plato Ch., 
9.55, Helping Hands, 6.45 ; Waltham, 5, 56.38 

Peoria.— Canton, 37.19; Delavan, 4; Deer Creek, 12; 
Dunlap, Prospect Ch., 5; Elmwood, 21.56; Elmira, 7.10, 
Temple Builders, 11 ; Eureka, 11 ; Galesburg, 15, Pearl 
Seekers, 12.50; Green Valley, 6.25; Ipava, 12 50; Knox- 
ville, 25, Whatsoever Bd., 20; Lewistown, 25 ; Peoria, ist, 
34.75, E. R. Edwards Bd., 14.80, Westminster Y.L.S., 1.45, 
Little Lights, 2.70, C.E., 11.32; 2d, 19.35, C.E., 4.41 ; Cal- 
vary Ch., 13.50; Grace Ch., 8; Princeville, 6; Vermont, 
3, 344-38 

Petoskev.— Boyne City, 1.02 ; Cadillac, 13 ; East Jor- 
dan, 10; Harbor Springs, 16.41; McBain, 50 cts.; Mack- 
inaw City, 15 ; Petoskey, 10, 65.93 

Pueblo.— Caiion City, 7.65 ; La Veta, S.S., 4 ; Pueblo, 
Mesa Ch., 25.47, Busy Bee Bd., 1.98, 39.10 

Saginaw.— Alma, 3.84 ; Alpena, 3.92 ; Bay City, 16.02 ; 
West Bay City, 0.1 1, 32. 89 

St. Paul. — Buffalo, 5 ; Hastings, 10 ; Minneapolis, 
Shiloh Ch., 8.40; Stewart Memorial Ch., Y.W.S., 15.67; 
Westminster Ch., 72.45; Rush City, 5; St. Cloud, 9; St. 
Paul, 9th, 14.60; Westminster Ch., 5 ; Central Ch., Y.W.S., 
242.96, C.E., 45, 433 08 

Sioux City.— Alta, 2.68; Cherokee, 30, C.E., 10; Cleg- 
horn, 15; Ida Grove, 21.63; Inwood, 5; Larrabee, 3.16, 
Busy Bees, 4.29; Le Mars, 45; Odebolt, 13.79; Pauliina, 
15; Sac City, 4.55; Sanborn, 14.07; Schaller, Beacon 
Lights, 5; Sioux City, ist, 42; 2d, 16.94, C.E., 9.29, Buds 
of Promise, 10 ; Vail, 3, 270.40 

Springfield.— Athens, N. Sangamon Ch., 37.50; Bates, 
32.50; Decatur, 50, Brier Bd., 1.25; Farmingdale, 25; 
Greenview, Y.P.S., 7,50; Jacksonville, Westminster Ch., 
5, Bd., 10; State St. Ch., 34.75; Lincoln. 4.85, Mrs. B. H. 
Brainerd, 412 ; Mason City, 33.48 ; Petersburg, 20.19 ; Pis- 
gah Ch., 7.50; Springfield, 2d, 4^ ; a friend of missions, 5 ; 
3d, Boys' Bd., 8.72 ; "Sweetwater, Irish Grove Ch., 4.50; 
Woodson, Unity Ch., 3.41, 746.15 

Vincennes.— Carlisle, 8; Claiborne Ch., 11.50; Evans- 
ville, Grace Ch., 20.50; Walnut St. Ch., 49.50; Indiana 
Ch., 5; Oakland City, 3 ; Petersburg,'^, S.S., 6; Prince- 
ton, 10; Spencer, 4.50; Terre Haute, Moftatt St. Ch., 
17.50; Central Ch., 10; Upper Indiana Ch., 13.72; 'Sulli- 
van, S.S. , 25 ; Vincennes, 18.65, 255.87 

Miscellaneous.— Misc., 1 ; Lake Forest, Mrs. C. B. Far- 
well, 10, Mrs. W. C. Lamed, 15; Mrs. I. P. Rumsey, 50; 
Miss J. L. Axtell, 50; Chicago, 6th, 25; Campbell Park 
Ch., 7; 4th, 35 ; Anon., 1 ; Hudson, Wis., 13.27 ; by sale of 
A Brief Record, Life of M. M. Campbell, 60 cts.; income 
from real estate, 600.65, 808.52 



Total for month. 

Total receipts since April 20, 



$9,548.43 
21,955-38 



Mrs. C. B. Farwell, Treas., 
Chicago, Oct. 20, 1892. Room 48 McCormick Block. 



348 



TREASURERS' REPORTS. 



[December. 



Receipts of the Women's Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church 

for October, 1892. 



Binghamton. — Cover.try, 27.56 ; Marathon, 10, 37-66 
Brooklyn.— Brooklyn, Ainslie St., 14.58; Bethany, 2.92 ; 
Duryea, 8.75; Franklin Ave., 3.42; Greene Ave., 8.37; 
Second, 7.42 ; Throop Ave., 26.02, Girls' Bd., 1.03, Jr. C.E., 
4.67 ; Westminster, 29.57 ; Stapleton, S. I., 1st, 21, 127.75 



Buffalo. — Buffalo, Calvary, 72.84; Lafayette St., 65.50; 
North, 32.10; Wells St., Y.P.S.C.E., 10; Orchard Park, 5, 
Y.P.S.C.E., 18; Portville, Y.L.S., 18.17; Tonawanda, 10; 



ary, 7: 
.P.S.C. 



E., 10 ; Orchard Park, 5, 



Westfield, 30, 261.61 
Cayuga. — Auburn, 2d, 10 ; Westminster, 2.06 ; Dryden, 
9.04 ; Ithaca, 2 ; Weedsport, 16.75, Christ's Jewels, 10, 

49-8S 

Chemung. — Big Flats, 19; Breesport, Y.P.S., 2 ; Dundee, 
12 ; Elmira, 1st, 35.60; Lake St., 50, Sunbeam Circle, 6.29 ; 
Havana, 4; Hector, 10, Little Helping- Hand Soc, 5; 
Horseheads, 8; Mecklenburg, 12; Monterey, 5; Moreland, 
4; Southport, 5.58 ; Watkins, 10, 188.47 

Ebenezer, Ky. — Ashland, off., 11.37; Frankfort, off., 5 ; 
Lexington, 10, addl. off., 25 cts.; Mt. Sterling, 7.13, off., 6.45, 

40.20 

Hudson. — Chester, 25; Florida, 25; Goshen, Y.L.S.,28; 
Goodwill Ch., 33.35 ; Haverstraw, 75 ; Hillburn, 21 ; Middle- 
town, 1st, 14.19; 2d, Girls' Bd., 10, Boys' Bd., 12.50; Mil- 
ford, Pa., 4.32; Monroe, 36.75, S.S., 13.25; Nyack, 11.50; 
Port Jervis, 1 1.35 ; Unionville, 10, 331.21 

Long Island.— Amagansett, 5 ; East Moriches, Miss. 
Bd., 53 cts., S.S., 5 ; Middle Island, 30 ; Selden, 5 ; South- 
ampton, 6.31 ; West Hampton, 9.03 ; Yaphank, 7.33 ; Pres'l 
Soc. off. at An. Meet., 10.40, 78.60 

Lyons. — Newark, 33.46, Y. P. Guild, 30; Ontario, 4; 
Palmyra, 10.50; Williamson, 4, 81.96 

Nassau. — Freeport, 29.79; Hempstead, Miss. Bd., 20; 
Huntington, 1st, 25 ; Islip, 12.50 ; Springfield, 2.50, 89.79 

New York.— Adams Mem'l, Faithful Workers, 29.75; 
Fifth Ave., 230; Park, 122.59, Seekers for Pearls, 122.59, 
Light Bearers, 6.50: Westminster, S.S., 25; Mrs. A. E. 
Mortimer, 60 ; Mrs. Wm. Jay Schieffelin, 50, 646.43 

Niagara. — Albion, 8 ; Barre, 6.55 ; Lewiston, 4 ; Lock- 
port, 1st, 50, Y.L.S.,25; 2d, 5; Niagara Falls, 10.88; Ton- 
awanda, 15, 124.43 

North River. — Cornwall, Canterbury, 30; Freedom 
Plains, 20 ; Little Britain, 13 ; Marlborough, 22 ; Newburgh, 



Calvary, Earnest Workers, 30; 1st, Bethel S.S., Miss. Soc, 
50; New Hamburgh, Ellesdie Volunteers, 2; Pine Plains, 
8 ; Pleasant Plains, 10 ; Pleasant Valley, 23 ; Poughkeepsie, 
166.20; Rondout, 47 50; Salisbury Mills, Bethlehem, 12; 
Smithfield, Happy Pilgrims, 1, 434 70 

Otsego.— Cherry Valley, 10, Y. L. Tuesday Club, 50 ; 
Cooperstown, 25 ; Delhi, 2d, 6.60 ; Middlefield Centre, 7.72 ; 
Oneonta, 18.75 ; Unadilla, 8.86 ; Worcester, 8, Golden 
Links, 5, 139-93 

Syracuse. — Baldwinsville, Y.L.S., 5 ; Cazenovia, Chris- 
tian Ass'n, 25 j Manlius, 5, Miss Ellen Lowrie, 2 ; Marcel- 
lus, Thorburn Bd., 15.25; Onondaga Valley, 12; Oswego, 
1st, 20 ; Syracuse, 1st, 84 ; 1st Ward, 22 ; 4th, 95 ; Memorial, 
5.77, Y.P.S., 30, 321.02 

Utica. — Boonville, 25; Clinton, 43, Y.P.S.C.E.. 7 ; Hol- 
land Patent, 10; Ilion, 20; Kirkland, 5; Knoxboro, 21.61 ; 
Little Falls, 100, Y.L. Cir., 60, Glad Tidings Bd.,25; Low- 
ville, Y.P.S., 45 ; Lyons Falls, 13.88; New Hartford, 37.44, 
Wide Awake Soc, 60 ; New York Mills, 25.20, Y.L.S., 70.01, 
Busy Bee Bd., 5.47; North Gage, 10 ; Oneida, 95; Oneida 
Castle, 21.17, Busy Bee Bd., 8, S.S., Prim. Dept. Birthday 
Boxes, 2.17; Oriskany, 10. Y.L.S., 5; Rome, 40, S.S. Miss. 
Soc,?7.94; Sauquoit, 30, Willing Workers, 10; South Tren- 
ton, 9.50 ; Utica, Bethany, Mrs. H. C. Wood, 5. S.S. Prim. 
Dept., 45.48 ; 1st, 150, Mrs. H. C. Goldthwait, 140, Y.L.S., 
50, Bachman Bd., 25 ; Memorial, 37 ; Olivet, 23 ; Westmin- 
ster, 50, Brown Bd., 20, Fisher Bd., 25 ; West Camden, 8 j 
Westernville, 15, 1,415.87 

Westchester.— Katonah, 7.15; Patterson, 24.75; Peeks- 
kill, 1st, ico, 131-9° 

Miscellaneous.— Hot Springs, N. C, Mrs. J. E. Dorland, 

1. 00 

Legacy.— Nassau Presbytery, Babylon. Mrs. Mary Anne 
Carll, 1,000.00 

Total, $5,502.28 
Total since April 1, 1892, 18,080.07 

Mrs. C. P. Hartt, Trea*., 

53 Fifth Ave., New York City. 
Mrs. J. A. Welch, Asst. Treas., 

39 West Seventeenth St., New York City. 



Receipts of the Northern New York Society from April 21, 1892, to October 26, 1892. 



Albany. — Albany, 2d, Miss Treadwell, 100 ; 4th, Golden 
Hour Bd., 1 ; West End, 15.44, S.C.E., 2.50, Luzerne Ch., 
3.18; Princetown, Lend-a-Hand Bd., 3 ; Schenectady, 1st, 
65 ; Tribes Hill, 8.30 ; West Galway, 6, 204.42 

Champlain.— Plattsburgh, 80.00 

Columbia. — Ancram Lead Mines, 7; Centreville, 5.43; 
New Lebanon Sisters, 6, 18.43 

Troy. — Cohoes, 30, "In His Name" Bd., 50; Fort Ed- 
ward, 15, Rogers Miss. Bd., 7.50; Glens Falls, 25, Miss 



Angie Wing, 200; Lansingburgh, 1st, 56.24; Mechanics- 
ville, Ch. and Jr. Soc, 5, Miss L. M. Gilbert, 1 ; Sandy 
Hill, 43; Troy, 1st, Drum Corps, 30; Second St., 137.25; 
Waterford, 51.81, 651.80 



Total, $954-65 

Emma D. Nash, Treas. 
Troy, N. Y., October 26. 



Receipts of the Woman's Presbyterian Board of Missions of the Southwest for the 
month ending October 25, 1892. 



Emporia. — Council Grove, 3.10; Derby, 2.67; Emporia, 
8 : Osage City, 4.63 ; Peabody, 20, Jr. S.C.E., 10 ; Wichita, 
1st, 8.65, 57.05 

Neosho. — Moran, S.C.E., 2.39 

Osborne.— Colby, 9.46; Hays City, 5, Bethlehem Stars, 
3 ; Oberlin, 14.09 ; Osborne, 3.25, Little Workers, 1 ; 
Phillipsburg, 3.59, Golden Star Bd., 5; Smith's Centre, 
5.59; Wa Keeney, Pearl Gatherers, 65 cts., 50.63 

Ozark.— Carthage, 1st, 4.25, Deo Data Bd., 5; West- 
minster Ch., 15.05; Grace, 1; Greenfield, Daisy Chain 
Bd.,25; Neosho, We-show-you Bd., 3.85; White Oak, 3; 
Presbl. Soc, 2.83, 59.98 

Palmyra. — Hannibal, 1st, S.C.E., 6.25; Kirksville, 6; 
Louisiana, 4.25 ; Macon City, 3.35, 19-85 

Platte. — Albany, Bd., 13; Breckinridge, 6; Hamilton, 
13.35 : King's City, 6 ; Maryville, 1st, 15.26, L.G.M. Bd., 6 ; 
Maryville, 2d, 13.40, King's Helpers, 5.25 ; Parkville, 12.79, 

91.05 



St. Louis. — Kirkwood, 10.53; St. Louis, Carondelet, 
4.82, Helping Hands, 10; North, 6; Washington and 
Compton Aves., 125; Webster Groves, Y.P. Cir., 20; Zoar, 
5 ; two friends, 20, 201.35 

Topeka.— Auburn, 5; Idana, 1st, 4.85; Junction City, 
6.50, S.C.E., 21.10; Mulberry, 9.75; Topeka, 1st, 50, S.S., 



3°. 



Trinity. — Terrell, Juvenile Bd., 
North Texas. — Denison, S.S. Soc, 

Total receipts, 
Previously acknowledged, 



127.20 
3.26 
11.35 

$624.11 
2,197.32 

$2,821.43 



To date. 

Miss Jennie McGintie, Treas., 

4201 Annex, Page Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 



Receipts of the Woman's Occidental Board of Missions to October 22, 1892. 

Sacramento.— Colusa, 3.50 ; Sacramento, Westminster, Total since March 25, 1892, 2,800.41 

4i 7-50 

Stockton.— Fresno, 7.80 ; Stockton, 17.20, 25.00 Mrs. E. G. Denniston, Treas., 

Total for October, $32.50 933 Sacramento St., San Francisco, Cal.